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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3HT2GR44

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Brain fatty acid-binding protein and ω-3/ω-6 fatty acids: Mechanistic insight into the poor prognosis of malignant glioma cell migration Open Access

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Author or creator
Mita, Raja
Beaulieu, Michael J.
Field, Catherine J.
Godbout, Roseline
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
Lipid-binding Protein
Lipid
Tumor
Cell Migration
Fatty Acid
Fatty Acid-Binding Protein
Malignant Glioma
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
Malignant gliomas (MG) are highly infiltrative tumors that consistently recur despite aggressive treatment. Brain fatty acid-binding protein (FABP7), which binds docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (AA), localizes to sites of tumor infiltration and is associated with a poor prognosis in MG. Manipulation of FABP7 expression in MG cell lines affects cell migration, suggesting a role for FABP7 in tumor infiltration and recurrence. Here, we show that DHA inhibits and AA stimulates migration in an FABP7-dependent manner in U87 MG cells. We demonstrate that DHA binds to and sequesters FABP7 to the nucleus, resulting in decreased cell migration. This anti-migratory effect is partially dependent on peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ, a DHA-activated transcription factor. Conversely, AA-bound FABP7 stimulates cell migration by activating cyclooxygenase-2 and reducing peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ levels. Our data provide mechanistic insight as to why FABP7 is associated with a poor prognosis in MG and suggest that relative levels of DHA and AA in the tumor environment can make a profound impact on tumor growth properties. We propose that FABP7 and its fatty acid ligands may be key therapeutic targets for controlling the dissemination of MG cells within the brain.
Date created
2010
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3HT2GR44
License information
© 2010 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
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Citation for previous publication
Mita, R., Beaulieu, M. J., Field, C. J., & Godbout, R. (2010). Brain fatty acid-binding protein and ω-3/ω-6 fatty acids: Mechanistic insight into the poor prognosis of malignant glioma cell migration. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285(47), 37005-37015.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M110.170076

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