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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3Z60CC41

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Buddhist Revival in China: Values of the Development of Mount Wutai Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Mount Wutai
Secularization of religion
Revival of Buddhism
Religious tourism
China
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Zhang,Chunyu
Supervisor and department
DeBernardi, Jean(Anthropology)
Examining committee member and department
Young-Leslie, Heather (Anthropology)
Dunch, Ryan (History and Classics)
Supernant, Kisha (Anthropology)
Department
Department of Anthropology
Specialization

Date accepted
2016-07-08T11:09:30Z
Graduation date
2016-06:Fall 2016
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
In China, the Chinese Communist Party (中國共產黨CCP) has created a complicated administrative system to control religion. The CCP severely regulated and almost eradicated a number of religious groups during the Cultural Revolution (文化大革命). In the early 1980s, however, religion was allowed to slowly revive under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping (鄧小平). The CCP adopted a series of moderate policies on religious affairs and began to exploit the secular values of religion, including Buddhism and Buddhist sacred sites, to serve the Party-state. This thesis explores the Chinese government’s approach to the management of religion through the case of Mount Wutai (五臺山), a traditional Buddhist sacred mountain in China. Historically Mont Wutai was an important site for Tibetan and Mongolian Buddhists. Today the Buddhist monasteries are the site of active religious communities, but Mount Wutai also is a UNESCO World Heritage site and a destination for tourists. The thesis explores the ways that Mount Wutai has developed since 1980s under the influence of both Buddhist revivalism and politically-motivated secularization. The thesis demonstrates that the political environment has changed precisely because the government now recognizes Mount Wutai’s secular values, and investigates the development of Mount Wutai in light of its economic and political values to the government, the local community, and the local Buddhist community.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3Z60CC41
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
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