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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3HQ3S65H

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Land Rights and Women's Empowerment in Rural Peru: Insights from Item Response Theory Open Access

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Other title
Subject/Keyword
Women's empowerment
Land rights
Item Response Theory
IRT
GSEM
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Montenegro Guerra, María
Supervisor and department
Swallow, Brent (REES)
Mohapatra, Sandeep (REES)
Examining committee member and department
Mohapatra, Sandeep (REES)
Swallow, Brent (REES)
Adamowicz, Vic (REES)
Department
Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology
Specialization
Agricultural and Resource Economics
Date accepted
2016-01-19T13:41:16Z
Graduation date
2016-06
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
Women’s land rights are increasingly advocated as an empowerment tool to spur development outcomes. However, empirical evidence of this relationship is limited. In this study we use data from peasant communities in rural Peru to explore the effect of the intra-household allocation of inherited land on women’s empowerment. Empowerment is modeled as a latent variable measured by different influence indicators using a Generalized Structural Equation approach. We draw on Item Response Theory (IRT) to estimate difficulty and discrimination parameters which can inform policymakers about the impact of empowerment policies on women’s types of influences within their households. The empirical approach is consistent with empowerment’s latent and multidimensional nature and pays attention to endogeneity issues often present in other empirical studies. We find that although women’s land rights increase empowerment, the intra-household allocation of land determines the magnitude of this impact.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3HQ3S65H
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
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