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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3SB3XC15
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Limited mitochondrial permeabilization is an early manifestation of palmitate-induced lipotoxicity in pancreatic ß-cells Open Access
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Dai, Feihan F.
Robson-Doucette, Christine A.
Chan, Catherine B.
Wheeler, Michael B.
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- Journal Article (Published)
Involvement of the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pore in early stages of lipotoxic stress in the pancreatic β-cell lines MIN6 and INS-1 was the focus of this study. Both long term (indirect) and acute (direct) effects of fatty acid (FA) application on β-cell susceptibility to Ca2+-induced MPT induction were examined using both permeabilized and intact β-cells. Long term exposure to moderate (i.e. below cytotoxic) levels of the saturated FA palmitate sensitized β-cell mitochondria to MPT induced by Ca2+. Long term exposure to palmitate was significantly a more efficient inducer of MPT than the unsaturated FA oleate, although upon acute application both caused similar MPT activation. Application of antioxidants, inhibitors of the ceramide pathway, or modifiers of membrane fluidity did not protect β-cell mitochondria from FA exposure. However, significant protection was provided by co-application of the unsaturated FA oleate in a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent manner. Characterization of MPT pore opening in response to moderate palmitate treatment revealed the opening of a unique form of MPT in β-cells as it encompassed features of both low and high conductance MPT states. Specifically, this MPT showed solute selectivity, characteristic of a low conductance MPT; however, it affected mitochondrial respiration and membrane potential in a way typical of a high conductance MPT. Activation of the full-size/high conductance form of MPT required application of high levels of FA that reduced growth and initiated apoptosis. These findings suggest that in the β-cell, MPTs can act as both initiators of cell death and as versatile modulators of cell metabolism, depending on the mode of the MPT pore induced.
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- © 2008 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
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Koshkin, V., Dai, F. F., Robson-Doucette, C. A., Chan, C. B., & Wheeler, M. B. (2008). Limited mitochondrial permeabilization is an early manifestation of palmitate-induced lipotoxicity in pancreatic ß-cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 283(12), 7936-7948. http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M705652200
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