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Characterizing Asymmetry across the Whole Sit to Stand Movement in Healthy Participants Open Access


Author or creator
Schofield, Jonathon
Parent, Eric
Lewicke, Justin
Carey, Jason P.
El-Rich, Marwan
Adeeb, Samer
Additional contributors
Motion Capture
Whole Cycle
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Sit-to-stand transfer (STS) is a common yet critical prerequisite for many daily tasks. Literature conducted on healthy STS often assume the body to behave symmetrically across the left and right side; yet only a few studies have been conducted to investigate this supposition. These studies have focused on a single numerical indicator such as peak joint moment (JM) values to describe symmetricity; however, STS is a dynamic and time dependent movement. This study addresses the validity of peak value analyses through the introduction of a time based peak-offset measure and proposes two time-dependent techniques to further characterize asymmetry and assesses their feasibility in ten (10) healthy male participants. JM and joint power (JP) over the whole STS movement was determined using motion capture and inverse dynamics. Using a paired one-tailed t-test differences were found in the time at which the left and right side reached peak values in all lower extremity joints (p<0.05) with exception of the hip JM. Using a measure of JM and JP straight-difference it was determined that the ankle joint displayed the largest number of JM and JP development strategies of all the lower extremity joints. Finally, through numerical integration of the JM and JP data with respect to time, it was found that the longer one side spends dominating the movement, the larger the excess angular impulse and work that can be expected from that side. The results suggest that when analyzing STS movements, one must be aware of the potential asymmetry present even in healthy movements. Furthermore, a simple peak JM or JP analysis may not fully describe the extent of these asymmetries.
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Attribution-NonCommerical-NoDerivs 4.0 International
Citation for previous publication
Schofield, Jonathon, Parent, Eric, Lewicke, Justin, Carey, James P., El-Rich, Marwan, & Adeeb, Samer. (2013). Characterizing Asymmetry across the Whole Sit to Stand Movement in Healthy Participants. Journal of Biomechanics, 46(15), 2730-2735.


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