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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3WM14005

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Development and Validation of a Sclerotinia sclerotiorum-Specific Quantitative PCR Assay to Assess Risk of Sclerotinia Stem Rot of Canola (Brassica napus) Open Access

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Other title
Subject/Keyword
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
Sclerotinia stem rot
Forecasting
qPCR
Canola
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Ziesman, Barbara R
Supervisor and department
Strelkov, Stephen (Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science)
Turkington, T. Kelly (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)
Examining committee member and department
Strelkov, Stephen (Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science)
Turkington, T. Kelly (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada)
Basu, Urmila (Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science)
Yang, Rong-Cai (Agriculture, Food and Nutritional Science)
del Rio, Luis (North Dakota State University)
Department
Department of Agricultural, Food, and Nutritional Science
Specialization
Plant Science
Date accepted
2016-09-07T15:08:13Z
Graduation date
2016-06:Fall 2016
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Sclerotinia stem rot, caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, is a major disease of canola (Brassica napus) commonly managed by the routine application of fungicides. Petal infestation is an important stage of the disease cycle and has been the focus of previously developed Sclerotinia stem rot risk assessment methods. Quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis can provide a more accurate and rapid assessment of petal infestation level. A hydrolysis probe-based S. sclerotiorum-specific qPCR assay was developed that could detect as little as 8.0 × 10-4 ng of S. sclerotiorum DNA with a high degree of specificity. Petal infestation level, as determined with this assay at full bloom (40-50% flower), accounted for 60-92% of the variation in Sclerotinia stem rot incidence under field conditions in western Canada. The strength of the relationship, however, varied from year-to-year and over the flowering period. Petal infestation level was influenced by petal age and by the time of day when samples were collected. A diurnal fluctuation in infestation levels was found in young, but not old petals, with significantly higher infestation in afternoon- versus morning-collected samples. Sclerotinia stem rot development also was influenced by environmental conditions, with relative humidity playing a more significant role in disease development than temperature. Inclusion of relative humidity conditions in a forecasting system with petal infestation levels may improve the reliability and accuracy of Sclerotinia stem rot risk assessments. In addition to its potential utility as a risk assessment tool, the S. sclerotiorum-specific qPCR assay may also prove useful in studies of the epidemiology of Sclerotinia stem rot.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3WM14005
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
Citation for previous publication
Ziesman, B.R., Turkington, T.K., Basu, U., and Strelkov, S.E. 2016. A quantitative PCR system for measuring Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in canola (Brassica napus). Plant Dis. 100:984-990

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