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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3Z892S96

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A Quantitative Analysis of Promontory Cave 1: An Archaeological Study on Population Size, Occupation Span, Artifact Use-life, and Accumulation Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Athapaskan
Occupation span
Perishable artifacts
Use-life
Discard rates
Dene migration
Statistics
Accumulation
Archaeology
Artifact density
Population size
Quantitative
Dene
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Hallson, Jennifer I
Supervisor and department
Ives, John W. (Anthropology)
Examining committee member and department
Supernant, Kisha (Anthropology)
Vallianatos, Helen (Anthropology)
Gruhn, Ruth (Anthropology)
Department
Department of Anthropology
Specialization

Date accepted
2017-01-31T11:20:13Z
Graduation date
2017-06:Spring 2017
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
Promontory Cave 1 on Great Salt Lake, Utah exhibits an incredible level of preservation rarely seen at archaeological sites. The high proportion of perishable materials provides a unique opportunity to study cultural remains that are usually lost to taphonomic processes. Extensive radiocarbon dating has defined a narrow occupation period of ca. 1250-1290 CE (Ives et al. 2014) and the bounded space of the cave allows for confident estimations of the total number of artifacts present. I have completed quantitative analyses that use several methods to study Cave 1 and its inhabitants, including: artifact density, three-dimensional modeling, proportional calculations, accumulation equations, and statistical equations. Archaeologists know surprisingly little about the rates at which artifacts enter the archaeological record and my analyses examine this factor along with related variables such as use-life and accumulation with the above methods. The above methods also allow for inferences to be made on population size, composition, and occupation span and frequency. Quantitative analyses of the Promontory Cave 1 assemblage can be linked directly to the exploration of Dene migration southward from Canada, as artifacts found in the cave point towards an identity of Apachean ancestors during their migration south. This research also has the potential for much broader application in archaeological investigations by increasing our awareness of what is usually missing; organic artifacts by far dominated past life but are often forgotten during site analysis. This research shows that consideration of the role of perishable artifacts is important in archaeological studies even when they are not present.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3Z892S96
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
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File format: pdf (Portable Document Format)
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File size: 6183298
Last modified: 2017:06:13 12:11:37-06:00
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File author: Jennifer Hallson
Page count: 192
File language: en-CA
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