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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3154F323

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Framework for a User-centric Post-design Space Heating Energy Management System for Multi-family Residential Buildings in Cold Regions Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Space Heating
Multi-family Residential Buildings
Energy Management System
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Sharmin, Tanzia
Supervisor and department
Gül, Mustafa (Civil and Environmental)
Al-Hussein, Mohamed (Civil and Environmental)
Examining committee member and department
Bouferguene, Ahmed (Campus Saint-Jean)
Mertiny, Pierre (Mechanical Engineering)
Mohamed, Yasser (Civil and Environmental)
El-Diraby, Tamer El- Sayed (University of Toronto)
Department
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Specialization
Construction Engineering and Management
Date accepted
2017-07-18T13:34:44Z
Graduation date
2017-11:Fall 2017
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Building construction and operation are collectively responsible for over a third of the world’s energy consumption. Space heating is the highest energy consumer in the operation of residential buildings in cold regions; in order to reduce energy consumption within the building sector, energy saving measures for efficient space heating operation cannot be ignored. However, the current practice in multi-family residential facility’s space heating control systems is event-driven rather than user-centric and does not take into account the varying nature of occupant activity patterns. This research hypothesizes that integrating the uncertainties related to occupant load, along with weather disturbance and thermal performance of building envelope, in space heating management systems of multi-family residential facilities may contribute to increased energy efficiency. Hence, the present study develops a sensor-based user-centric post-design space heating control framework for multi-family residential facilities with a focus on efficient energy performance of the space heating system under occupancy. To demonstrate the proposed framework, a multi-family residential building in Fort McMurray, Alberta, is chosen as a case study. In this building, the existing space heating system is operated considering current outdoor climatic condition only. This research provides facility managers with a systematic, holistic framework to optimize multi-family residential facility’s space heating control system (e.g., producing heating energy by considering occupant demand, weather load, and the facility’s physical characteristics) in an endeavor to reduce the energy consumption from the building sector.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3154F323
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
Citation for previous publication
Sharmin, T., Gül, M. & Al-Hussein, M. (2017). A user-centric space heating energy-management framework for multi-family residential facilities based on occupant pattern prediction modeling. Building Simulation, 1–18. doi:10.1007/s12273-017-0376-x

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