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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3K931K7S

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Experimentally Determined Mechanical Properties of, and Models for, the Periodontal Ligament: Critical Review of Current Literature Open Access

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Author or creator
Fill, Ted S.
Carey, Jason P.
Toogood, Roger W.
Major, Paul W.
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
Mechanical properties
Periodontal Ligament
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
Introduction. This review is intended to highlight and discuss discrepancies in the literature of the periodontal ligament’s (PDL) mechanical properties and the various experimental approaches used to measure them. Methods. Searches were performed on biomechanical and orthodontic publications (in databases: Compendex, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Scopus). Results. The review revealed that significant variations exist, some on the order of six orders of magnitude, in the PDL’s elastic constants and mechanical properties. Possible explanations may be attributable to different experimental approaches and assumptions. Conclusions. The discrepancies highlight the need for further research into PDL properties under various clinical and experimental loading conditions. Better understanding of the PDL’s biomechanical behavior under physiologic and traumatic loading conditions might enhance the understanding of the PDL’s biologic reaction in health and disease. Providing a greater insight into the response of the PDL would be instrumental to orthodontists and engineers for designing more predictable, and therefore more efficacious, orthodontic appliances.
Date created
2011
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3K931K7S
License information
Attribution-NonCommerical-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported
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Citation for previous publication
Fill, T., Carey, J., Toogood, R., and Major, P. (2011). Experimentally Determined Mechanical Properties of, and Models for, the Periodontal Ligament: Critical Review of Current Literature. Journal of Dental Biomechanics, 2(1), 312980.
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File author: Ted S. Fill {et al.}
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