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Comparison of 2 enzyme immunoassays and a radioimmunoassay for measurement of progesterone concentrations in bovine plasma, skim milk, and whole milk Open Access
- Author or creator
Colazo, Marcos G.
Ambrose, Divakar J.
Kastelic, John P.
Small, Julie A.
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- Journal Article (Published)
The objective of this study was to compare 2 enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) with a radioimmunoassay (RIA) as to sensitivity and accuracy in the measurement of the progesterone (P4) concentration in bovine plasma, skim milk, and whole milk. The 72 samples from 24 lactating dairy cows expected to have either a high P4 concentration (cows in diestrus or pregnant) or a low P4 concentration (cows in estrus or anestrus) were analyzed by RIA, solid-phase EIA (SPEIA), which included a solvent extraction step, or direct EIA (DEIA) without solvent extraction. The overall mean concentrations of P4 did not differ (P < 0.4) among the assays. However, for the cows that were in diestrus or pregnant, the mean P4 concentrations (and standard error) were higher (P < 0.03), regardless of sample type, with RIA than with SPEIA, at 7.3 (0.7) and 6.1 (0.6) ng/mL, respectively. When only the high-P4 samples analyzed by RIA were compared, the mean P4 concentration was higher (P < 0.001) in whole milk than in skim milk, at 9.8 (1.0) and 4.1 (0.7) ng/mL, respectively. Although the mean P4 concentrations in the low-P4 samples did not differ (P < 0.80) among assays, the proportions of cows with a P4 concentration ≥ 1 ng/mL were 3%, 14%, and 44% for RIA, SPEIA, and DEIA, respectively (P < 0.01; DEIA > SPEIA > RIA).
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- © 2008 The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
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Colazo, M. G., Ambrose, D. J., Kastelic, J. P., & Small, J. A. (2008). Comparison of 2 enzyme immunoassays and a radioimmunoassay for measurement of progesterone concentrations in bovine plasma, skim milk, and whole milk. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, 72(1), 32-36. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2117364/
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