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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R37941782

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Is Teacher Stigma Associated with the Delivery of Instructional Supports to Students with Disabilities? Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Disabilities
Instructional Supports
Students with Disabilities
Teachers
Stigma
Attribution Theory
Attributions
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Aquilina, Alexandra
Supervisor and department
Dr. Cormier, Damien (Educational Psychology)
Examining committee member and department
Dr. Jiang, Yuanyuan (Educational Psychology)
Dr. Leighton, Jacqueline (Educational Psychology)
Department
Department of Educational Psychology
Specialization
School and Clinical Child Psychology
Date accepted
2017-09-25T15:21:12Z
Graduation date
2017-11:Fall 2017
Degree
Master of Education
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
The present study is exploratory and was conducted to investigate teachers’ beliefs about the academic potential of students with disabilities (SWD) based on their attributions and potentially stigmatizing views. In addition, the association between these attributions and teachers’ reported likelihood of implementing instructional supports was investigated. Controllability, as described in Attribution Theory, is associated with stigmatizing views and was a variable of focus in the present study. Seven neurodevelopmental disorders were investigated and vignettes were used to depict each hypothetical student. A convenience sampling method was employed and thirty-seven practicing teachers within Canada participated by responding to questions following the vignettes. One-way within- subjects ANOVAs were conducted, using post-hoc comparisons to further investigate significant main effects. The results revealed that when teachers were asked if they believed that the student would demonstrate significant improvement to their academic ability if they received instructional supports, ratings were significantly different depending on the disability. Teacher ratings revealed that when asked about their own likelihood of implementing instructional supports to SWD, there was not a significant difference depending on the disability depicted. Teacher ratings were also found not to be significantly different when asked if each student was not succeeding academically due to lack of effort. However, they were significantly different depending on the disability when asked if they believed that the student was in control of their academic success. Implications for training, practice, and research are discussed.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R37941782
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
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Last modified: 2017:11:08 17:55:32-07:00
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