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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3S17T62K

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Associations among the food environment diet quality and weight status in Cree children in Québec Open Access

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Author or creator
Downs, Shauna M.
Arnold, Amber
Marshall, Dru
McCargar, Linda J.
Raine, Kim D.
Willows, Noreen D.
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
Aboriginal
Childhood Obesity
Nutrition Environment
Diet Quality
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
To explore the relationship among children’s diet quality, weight status and food environment in subarctic Canada. In the cross-sectional study, children’s BMI was calculated, diet quality was assessed using three 24 h dietary recalls and children were asked about their home food environment and source of meals. Two Aboriginal Cree communities in northern Québec. Two hundred and one children in grades 4–6. The majority (64·2 %) of children were overweight (29·9 %) or obese (34·3 %). Weight status was not associated with reported restaurant meal frequency or the home food environment. The 18 % of children who consumed three or more restaurant meals in the three days of recall consumed, on average, 2004 kJ (479 kcal) more energy daily than children consuming no restaurant meals and had higher intakes of fat, saturated fat, Ca and soda. Most foods contributing to energy and dietary fat were energy-dense market foods of low nutritional value such as sweetened beverages and snack foods. Only 68 % of children reported often having fruits and vegetables in the home and 98·5 % of children consumed less than 5 fruits and vegetables daily. Many children (42·8 %) were at risk of Zn inadequacy. Only 19 % of children consumed 2 or more servings of milk daily, and the mean intakes of Ca and vitamin D were below the recommended adequate intake. Traditional game meat was consumed infrequently, but contributed significantly to Fe and Zn intake. Childhood obesity in subarctic communities prevailed in a food environment typified by high-energy-density commercial foods of low nutritional value.
Date created
2009
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3S17T62K
License information
© The Authors 2009
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Citation for previous publication
Downs, S. M., Arnold, A., Marshall, D., McCargar, L. J., Raine, K. D., & Willows, N. D. (2009). Associations among the food environment diet quality and weight status in Cree children in Québec. Public Health Nutrition, 12(9), 1504-1511.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1368980008004515

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File format: pdf (Portable Document Format)
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File title: Associations among the food environment, diet quality and weight status in Cree children in Québec
File title: Associations among the food environment, diet quality and weight status in Cree children in Qubec
File author: Shauna M Downs, Amber Arnold, Dru Marshall, Linda J McCargar, Kim D Raine, Noreen D Willows
Page count: 8
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