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Flow and Deposition of Colloidal Suspensions through Porous Media and on Model Surfaces Open Access


Other title
Cellulose Nanocrystals
Cross-flow Filtration
Colloidal Deposition
Drilling Fluids
Porous Media
Fluid Loss
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Balavi, Hafez
Supervisor and department
Boluk, Yaman (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Simonsen, John (Wood Science and Engineering, Oregon State University)
Ayranci, Cagri (Mechanical Engineering)
Chalaturnyk, Rick (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Boluk, Yaman (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Hashisho, Zaher (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Date accepted
Graduation date
2017-06:Spring 2017
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Operations with drilling fluids require multiple performance requirements. Among those, fluid loss issue is a very severe problem that is encountered in many drilling operations. Rheological and transport properties of drilling muds in porous media control the fluid loss behavior in reservoir formations. Additionally, some kinds of drilling fluids especially those formulated with hydrocarbons, oils, etc. are strongly contaminating. Therefore, it is essential to introduce drilling fluids of very low or negligible contaminating potential for sustainable development in oilfields. In the formulation of such muds it is becoming increasingly common to use cellulose-based materials as additives, due to their low cost, rheological properties, and scant environmental impact. Cellulose-based materials have been used to control water loss for many years. In addition, the rheological behavior of drilling muds can be optimized with cellulose-based polymers of different chain lengths and properties. Cellulose nanocrystal particles (CNC) and carboxymethyl cellulose polymer (CMC) are typical examples of such materials. This research is about the preparation of water-based drilling fluid formulations enhanced by CNC and CMC, selecting optimal preparation for a field test at an actual drilling site, and investigation of cross-flow filtration mechanisms of cellulose-formulated bentonite suspensions. Filtration and rheological properties of cellulose-bentonite suspensions were investigated and CNC/CMC functions in bentonite particles deposition and suspension stability were highlighted by dynamic filtration tests, flow stability of the drilling fluid and rheological experiments, colloidal deposition studies and assessing and characterizing filter cake properties.
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