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Arabidopsis GPAT9 contributes to synthesis of intracellular glycerolipids but not surface lipids Open Access
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Singer, Stacy D.
Dyer, John M.
Weselake, Randall J.
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Acyl Lipid Biosynthesis
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GLYCEROL-3-PHOSPHATE ACYLTRANSFERASE (GPAT) genes encode enzymes involved in glycerolipid biosynthesis in plants. Ten GPAT homologues have been identified in Arabidopsis. GPATs 4–8 have been shown to be involved in the production of extracellular lipid barrier polyesters. Recently, GPAT9 was reported to be essential for triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis in developing Arabidopsis seeds. The enzymatic properties and possible functions of GPAT9 in surface lipid, polar lipid and TAG biosynthesis in non-seed organs, however, have not been investigated. Here we show that Arabidopsis GPAT9 exhibits sn-1 acyltransferase activity with high specificity for acyl-coenzyme A, thus providing further evidence that this GPAT is involved in storage lipid biosynthesis. We also confirm a role for GPAT9 in seed oil biosynthesis and further demonstrate that GPAT9 contributes to the biosynthesis of both polar lipids and TAG in developing leaves, as well as lipid droplet production in developing pollen grains. Conversely, alteration of constitutive GPAT9 expression had no obvious effects on surface lipid biosynthesis. Taken together, these studies expand our understanding of GPAT9 function to include modulation of several different intracellular glycerolipid pools in plant cells.
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Singer, S. D., Chen, G., Mietkiewska, E., Tomasi, P., Jayawardhane, K., Dyer, J. M., & Weselake, R. J. (2016). Arabidopsis GPAT9 contributes to synthesis of intracellular glycerolipids but not surface lipids. Journal of Experimental Botany, 67(15), 4627-4638. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erw242
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File title: Arabidopsis GPAT9 contributes to synthesis of intracellular glycerolipids but not surface lipids
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