ERA

Download the full-sized PDF of They Can Take Their Charter of Rights and Shove It: Uncovering the Protection of Children Involved in Prostitution Act's Conditions of PossibilityDownload the full-sized PDF

Analytics

Share

Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3NK3699M

Download

Export to: EndNote  |  Zotero  |  Mendeley

Communities

This file is in the following communities:

Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of

Collections

This file is in the following collections:

Theses and Dissertations

They Can Take Their Charter of Rights and Shove It: Uncovering the Protection of Children Involved in Prostitution Act's Conditions of Possibility Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Alberta legislation
Alberta politics
youth prostitution
sexual exploitation
Heather Forsyth
children's rights
youth crime
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Taylor, Rebecca A
Supervisor and department
Bryan Hogeveen (Sociology)
Examining committee member and department
Judith Garber (Political Science)
Herb Northcott (Sociology)
Department
Department of Sociology
Specialization

Date accepted
2016-05-12T14:24:42Z
Graduation date
2016-06
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
In 1990s Alberta, two discourses about young people pervaded Legislative debates: discourse promoting tougher responses to young offenders, and a rallying cry to protect sexually exploited youth. Both discourses were promoted not only by the same political party (the Progressive Conservative Party), but also by the same politician, Legislative Member Heather Forsyth. This thesis is a social history, tracing the emergence of the Protection of Children Involved in Prostitution Act (PChIP, 1999). To this end, this thesis questions: Why did the Alberta government create specific legislation to deal with sexually exploited young people in 1999?; and How, with protective legislation firmly in place, and growing public and political discourse condemning youth in Alberta, did PChIP gain traction in the Legislature? In this thesis, I argue that, like the white slavery panic in early Canada, the specific actors calling to protect young women in 1990s Alberta drew upon racialized, gendered, and class-based rhetoric. This discourse fueled the creation of legislation protecting a particular subset of young women: middle-upper class, Caucasian girls from “normal, average, every day families” (Children Involved in Prostitution Report 1997, 7). At the same time discourses advocating for both the protection, and punishment of young people were circulating in the media and Legislature, Alberta was also resisting the growing consciousness of children having inalienable rights. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (1982), the Young Offenders Act (1984), and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) all marked a shift in the way children were understood in Canada. Alberta’s denial of children’s rights emerged in two ways through this research: first, in 1990s Alberta, Progressive Conservative politicians believed that children had too many rights; and second, politicians were willing to violate children’s rights to both protect society from young offenders, and save sexually exploited children. This transgression of children’s rights brings me to the final question this thesis attempts to answer: To what extent can law be employed to ameliorate the social conditions which give rise to such legislation? After more than a decade of investigating the sexual exploitation of children, committees in 1996 were tackling the same social conditions of marginalized women and children, and recommending that the same social supports be strengthened. I follow Carol Smart’s scholarship, which suggests that, rather than ameliorating the patriarchal relations which make legislation such as PChIP necessary, the law reproduces these relations, thus transforming narratives of social change into discourses of legal reform.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3NK3699M
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
Citation for previous publication

File Details

Date Uploaded
Date Modified
2016-09-15T18:00:07.718+00:00
Audit Status
Audits have not yet been run on this file.
Characterization
File format: pdf (PDF/A)
Mime type: application/pdf
File size: 930140
Last modified: 2016:11:16 14:10:38-07:00
Filename: taylor_rebecca_a_201605_MA.pdf
Original checksum: b23bd5c6ae8ecc4082ad607e4c20373b
Activity of users you follow
User Activity Date