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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3513V16K

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Mass transfer from giant donors Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
close binaries
convection
mass transfer
X-ray binaries
mass loss
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Pavlovskii, Konstantin
Supervisor and department
Heinke, Craig (Physics)
Ivanova, Natalia (Physics)
Sivakoff, Gregory (Physics)
Examining committee member and department
Rosolowsky, Erik (Physics)
Ivanova, Natalia (Physics)
Morsink, Sharon (Physics)
Pols, Onno (Astrophysics, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen)
Heinke, Craig (Physics)
Department
Department of Physics
Specialization

Date accepted
2015-12-02T13:37:44Z
Graduation date
2016-06
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
In this thesis we study MT from giant and subgiant donors in binary stars. We develop a MT simulation framework based on the MESA set of stellar libraries, which is suitable to study extremely high MT rates and predict the stability of MT. We find that the MT from giant donors is much more stable than previously thought: the currently used critical initial mass ratios are approximately two times lower than the ones predicted by our improved MT framework. We foresee that this improvement of stability will substantially affect the rate of double compact mergers in the Galaxy, which are the sources of gravitational radiation detectable by the gravitational observatories, such as the Advanced LIGO. We find that a non-degenerate He remnant obtained from an evolved main sequence star by rapid mass loss, as a donor to the three known ultra-compact X-ray binaries – 4U 1626-67, 4U 0614+09, and 4U 1916-053 can explain the anomalously high MT rates in them. We develop an improved magnetic braking prescription that can be used to study the evolution of low-mass X-ray binaries with a giant or subgiant donor. We find that this prescription can explain the extremely high MT rate observed in such binaries, for example in Sco X-1.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3513V16K
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
Citation for previous publication
Pavlovskii, K. & Ivanova, N., 2015, MNRAS, 449, 4415Heinke, C. O., Ivanova, N., Engel, M. C., Pavlovskii, K., Sivakoff, G. R., Cartwright, T. F., & Gladstone, J. C. 2013, ApJ, 768, 184Pavlovskii, K. & Ivanova, N. 2013, in IAU Symposium, Vol. 291, IAU Symposium, ed. J. van Leeuwen, 468–470

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