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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3222RJ5M

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Local-Scale Drivers of Spatial Patterns and Demographic Rates of Conifer Species in a Forest Chronosequence in Coastal British Columbia Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Douglas fir
density-dependence
climate
chronosequence
competition
forest demographics
western hemlock
western redcedar
spatial patterns
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Schurmann, Kaitlyn D.
Supervisor and department
He, Fangliang (Renewable Resources)
Examining committee member and department
Trofymow, Tony (Center for Forest Biology, University of Victoria)
Comeau, Phil (Renewable Resources)
Department
Department of Renewable Resources
Specialization
Conservation Biology
Date accepted
2017-02-21T13:58:53Z
Graduation date
2017-06:Spring 2017
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
Growth, mortality and recruitment are the fundamental demographic processes driving changes in forest structure and dynamics. Rapid changes observed in many forests globally have imposed serious threats to ecosystem services such as carbon sequestration, biodiversity and hydrology, emphasizing the importance of understanding the underlying mechanisms. In this thesis, I collected spatial and inventory data from five 1-hectare forest plots in a chronosequence on southern Vancouver Island, B.C. I used spatial point pattern analysis and regression modeling to determine the effects of competition and climate on tree spatial patterns and demographic rates of Douglas fir, western hemlock and western redcedar over a 17-year census period. Douglas fir growth and mortality were strongly influenced by negative density-dependent (competition) processes in all plots of the chronosequence with the species becoming more regularly distributed in older stands. Western hemlock and western redcedar growth was negatively influenced by competition, while facilitative processes may promote tree survival of these two shade-tolerant species in most stands. Recruitment of all three species occurred most often in close proximity to adult trees. Growth of the study species was also driven by tree size and climate. Summer precipitation was the most important climate variable, negatively affecting growth for all study species. Other temperature and precipitation variables were significant for the focal species, but the direction of the growth response was not consistent. Species-specific responses to climate highlight the difficultly in predicting stand-level changes under altered climate regimes. The results of this study underscore the importance of competition and climate in driving forest structure and dynamics in all ages of stands, necessitating the inclusion of both sets of variables in analyzing demographic rates. Knowledge of competition and climate as drivers of forest dynamics and structure can be incorporated into forestry and conservation management decision-making, and findings from this study provide a better understanding of the processes driving dynamics of forest succession, and can be used for anticipating stand structure in the future.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3222RJ5M
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
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