ERA

Download the full-sized PDF of Rumen microbial community composition varies with diet and host, but a core microbiome is found across a wide geographical rangeDownload the full-sized PDF

Analytics

Share

Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3XD0RB3D

Download

Export to: EndNote  |  Zotero  |  Mendeley

Communities

This file is in the following communities:

Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Department of

Collections

This file is in the following collections:

Journal Articles (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)

Rumen microbial community composition varies with diet and host, but a core microbiome is found across a wide geographical range Open Access

Descriptions

Author or creator
Henderson, Gemma
Cox, Faith
Ganesh, Siva
Jonker, Arjan
Young, Wayne
Janssen, Peter H.
Additional contributors
Global Rumen Census Collaborators
Subject/Keyword
Ruminants
Methanogenic Archaea
Metabolism
Environments
Cattle
7Th Order
Protozoa
Bacteria
Residual Feed-Intake
Genomics
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
Ruminant livestock are important sources of human food and global greenhouse gas emissions. Feed degradation and methane formation by ruminants rely on metabolic interactions between rumen microbes and affect ruminant productivity. Rumen and camelid foregut microbial community composition was determined in 742 samples from 32 animal species and 35 countries, to estimate if this was influenced by diet, host species, or geography. Similar bacteria and archaea dominated in nearly all samples, while protozoal communities were more variable. The dominant bacteria are poorly characterised, but the methanogenic archaea are better known and highly conserved across the world. This universality and limited diversity could make it possible to mitigate methane emissions by developing strategies that target the few dominant methanogens. Differences in microbial community compositions were predominantly attributable to diet, with the host being less influential. There were few strong co-occurrence patterns between microbes, suggesting that major metabolic interactions are non-selective rather than specific.
Date created
2015
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3XD0RB3D
License information

Rights
Attribution 4.0 International
Citation for previous publication
Henderson, Gemma, Cox, Faith, Ganesh, Siva, Jonker, Arjan, Young, Wayne, & Janssen, Peter H. (2015). Rumen microbial community composition varies with diet and host, but a core microbiome is found across a wide geographical range. Scientific Reports, 5, [15].  http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep14567

Source

Link to related item

File Details

Date Uploaded
Date Modified
Audit Status
Audits have not yet been run on this file.
Characterization
File format: pdf (Portable Document Format)
Mime type: application/pdf
File size: 1687230
Last modified: 2017:09:06 16:44:15-06:00
Filename: SR_5_14567.pdf
Original checksum: d6f58f50432516fb55f4c33d267c1fd3
Well formed: false
Valid: false
Status message: Annotation dictionary missing required type (S) entry offset=133572
Status message: Lexical error offset=1552651
Page count: 15
Activity of users you follow
User Activity Date