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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3DJ58W4W

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Lactobacillus reuteri maintains a functional mucosal barrier during DSS treatment despite mucus layer dysfunction Open Access

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Author or creator
Dicksved, Johan
Schreiber, Olof
Willing, Ben P.
Petersson, Joel
Rang, Sara
Phillipson, Mia
Holm, Lena
Roos, Stefan
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
Microbiome
Bacteria
Mucus
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Lactobacillus
Gastrointestinal Tract
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Colitis
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
Treatment with the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus reuteri has been shown to prevent dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in rats. This is partly due to reduced P-selectin-dependent leukocyte- and platelet-endothelial cell interactions, however, the mechanism behind this protective effect is still unknown. In the present study a combination of culture dependent and molecular based T-RFLP profiling was used to investigate the influence of L. reuteri on the colonic mucosal barrier of DSS treated rats. It was first demonstrated that the two colonic mucus layers of control animals had different bacterial community composition and that fewer bacteria resided in the firmly adherent layer. During DSS induced colitis, the number of bacteria in the inner firmly adherent mucus layer increased and bacterial composition of the two layers no longer differed. In addition, induction of colitis dramatically altered the microbial composition in both firmly and loosely adherent mucus layers. Despite protecting against colitis, treatment with L. reuteri did not improve the integrity of the mucus layer or prevent distortion of the mucus microbiota caused by DSS. However, L. reuteri decreased the bacterial translocation from the intestine to mesenteric lymph nodes during DSS treatment, which might be an important part of the mechanisms by which L. reuteri ameliorates DSS induced colitis.
Date created
2012
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3DJ58W4W
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Attribution 4.0 International
Citation for previous publication
Dicksved, J., Schreiber, O., Willing, B. P., Petersson, J., Rang, S., Phillipson, M., Holm, L., & Roos, S. (2012). Lactobacillus reuteri maintains a functional mucosal barrier during DSS treatment despite mucus layer dysfunction. PLoS ONE, 7(9), e46399 [8 pages].  http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046399

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