ERA

Download the full-sized PDF of Use of autobiographical memory cues as cognitive support for episodic memory: Comparison of individuals with mild-stage Alzheimer's disease and healthy older adultsDownload the full-sized PDF

Analytics

Share

Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3303X

Download

Export to: EndNote  |  Zotero  |  Mendeley

Communities

This file is in the following communities:

Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of

Collections

This file is in the following collections:

Theses and Dissertations

Use of autobiographical memory cues as cognitive support for episodic memory: Comparison of individuals with mild-stage Alzheimer's disease and healthy older adults Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Autobiographical memory
Episodic memory
Cognitive support
Alzheimer's disease
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Cochrane, Karen
Supervisor and department
Frender, Robert H. (Educational Psychology)
Dixon, Roger A. (Psychology)
Examining committee member and department
Truscott, Derek (Educational Psychology)
Everall, Robin (Educational Psychology)
Small, Brent (University of South Florida)
Scialfa, Charles (Univeristy of Calgary)
Department
Department of Educational Psychology
Specialization

Date accepted
2009-08-27T16:10:31Z
Graduation date
2009-11
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
The purpose of the study was to examine the effectiveness of autobiographical memories to support the improvement of episodic memory (i.e., word recall) in patients with mild- stage Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and healthy older adults. Participants included 20 healthy young-old adults (M Age = 70.90; M MMSE = 28.70), 20 healthy old-old adults (M Age = 79.75; M MMSE = 28.05), and 15 patients with mild-stage AD or mixed dementia (M Age = 74.73; M MMSE = 22.47). Participants were presented with three lists of 30 words, each administered under a different support condition: (1) no cognitive support,(2) autobiographical memory support, and (3) semantic support. In the autobiographical memory support condition, participants associated each to-be- remembered word with a personal memory that was then shortened to a word cue for use in subsequent memory testing. In the semantic support condition, participants associated each to-be-remembered word with a one-word descriptor. Memory was assessed with three recall conditions: immediate free recall, cued recall, and recognition. It was expected that autobiographical memory cues would be more effective than general semantic cues in improving number of words recalled in patients with mild-stage AD and healthy older adults. The results indicated that healthy older adults and patients with mild- stage AD benefited from both forms of cognitive support. Although the young-old group recalled more words in the autobiographical than in the semantic support condition across the three recall conditions, the differences were not significant. The old-old group recalled more words in the autobiographical than in the semantic support condition on tests of immediate free recall. In contrast, the mild AD group recalled more words in the autobiographical than in the semantic support condition on tests of cued recall and recognition. A limitation was the ceiling effect for recognition performance in the young- old and old-old group. Consistent with previous studies, the results indicate that patients with mild-stage AD can benefit from cognitive support to improve episodic memory if support is provided at encoding and retrieval. The results suggest that autobiographical memory cues may be effective for improving everyday memory performance in healthy older adults and patients with mild-stage AD.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3303X
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
Citation for previous publication

File Details

Date Uploaded
Date Modified
2014-04-29T21:23:56.777+00:00
Audit Status
Audits have not yet been run on this file.
Characterization
File format: pdf (Portable Document Format)
Mime type: application/pdf
File size: 543550
Last modified: 2015:10:12 19:58:07-06:00
Filename: Cochrane_Karen_Fall2009.pdf
Original checksum: eedb27f0ac539e6380ac8010aa421655
Well formed: true
Valid: true
File title: Episodic Memory in Mild-Stage AD
File title: The term compensation refers to a selective improvement by older adults as a function of some experimental manipulation (Backman, 1989, p
File author: PITNEY BOWES OF CANADA
Page count: 129
Activity of users you follow
User Activity Date