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When Institutions Bend But Do Not Break: The Institutional Accommodation of Open Access in Scientific Publishing Open Access

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Other title
Subject/Keyword
Open Access
Institutional theory
Institutional change
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Micelotta, Evelyn R
Supervisor and department
Greenwood, Royston (Strategic Management and Organization, Alberta School of Business)
Lounsbury, Michael (Strategic Management and Organization, Alberta School of Business)
Examining committee member and department
Hinings, Robin (Bob) (Strategic Management and Organization, Alberta School of Business)
Reay, Trish (Strategic Management and Organization, Alberta School of Business)
Zietsma, Charlene (Organization Studies, York University)
Gehman, Joel (Strategic Management and Organization, Alberta School of Business)
Department
Faculty of Business
Specialization
Strategic Management and Organization
Date accepted
2015-06-26T14:52:59Z
Graduation date
2015-11
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Over the past two decades, institutional scholars have been fascinated by the processes and mechanisms through which institutions -- the durable socio-cultural structures that “provide meaning and stability to social life” (Scott, 2008: 48)-- change. The literature on institutional change is vast and insightful; nonetheless, I suggest that theoretical advancements in this area have become increasingly incremental because of the fragmentation of the accumulated research and its crystallization around a set of defined analytical dimensions. This dissertation addresses these limitations by putting the spotlight on a neglected attribute of change processes – the scope of change. The overarching goal of the thesis is to demonstrate that novel insights can be yielded by distinguishing change processes whose scope is radical from processes whose scope is convergent. I elaborate my argument in three steps. First, I develop a typology of institutional change processes that combines the scope of change (radical or convergent) with the pace of change (revolutionary or evolutionary). The typology identifies four pathways (i.e. institutional displacement, institutional alignment, institutional accretion and institutional accommodation), sheds light on undetected sources of variation in change processes, and illuminates the specificities of the mechanisms that underpin each process. Second, building on the typology, I ask two research questions: (1) How and why does a revolutionary process of change aimed at radical field-level change (institutional displacement) fail? (2) How and why does failure of institutional displacement result in convergent field-level change (institutional accommodation)? Third, I report the findings of an empirical investigation that directly addresses these questions. The institutional change precipitated by the emergence of a collective mobilization for Open Access in the field of scholarly publishing offers an ideal setting. To conduct my inquiry, I followed a field analytic approach that draws on multiple sources of data: archival materials, interviews, notes from nonparticipant observation and descriptive bibliometric network analysis. The findings are used to develop a process model of institutional accommodation. Overall, the dissertation nuances and extends previous research in three ways First, by focusing on the scope of change, my research pushes investigations of institutional change processes beyond well-known dimensions of analysis. By doing so, I hope to counterbalance the tendency of researchers to crystallize inquires around established analytical dimensions. Second, by offering an integrative typology that enables the comparison of change processes, my thesis addresses the issue of fragmentation and offers scholars a lens to appreciate how triggers, trajectories, mechanisms and outcomes variously interrelate. Third, by theorizing and empirically exploring a relatively under-examined pathway – institutional accommodation – my work extends knowledge on change processes and elucidates specific mechanisms that lead to convergent change. Specifically, my thesis addresses important questions about accommodation. It answers How institutional accommodation occurs by presenting two accommodation mechanisms: institutional arbitration and institutional anchoring; it answers Who engages in institutional accommodation by elaborating the role of challengers, incumbents and referee actors and by emphasizing the mediated nature of change processes; it answers Why institutional accommodation occurs by theorizing the role of failure of displacement as an antecedent of accommodation; and, finally, it answers the question Where/When institutional accommodation occurs by proposing the notion of “ossified” institutional fields.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3QV3CF8C
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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