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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3K64B077

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Development and Applications of an Emissions Micro-Simulation Tool for Transportation Infrastructure Design Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Microsimulation
Mapping
Design
Infrastructure
Emissions
Model
Environment
Transportation
Forecasting
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Handford, Daniel I
Supervisor and department
Olfert, Jason (Mechanical Engineering)
Checkel, M. David (Mechanical Engineering
Examining committee member and department
Checkel, M. David (Mechanical Engineering)
Fraser, Roydon (University of Waterloo Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering)
Lipsett, Michael (Mechanical Engineering)
Olfert, Jason (Mechanical Engineering)
Lange, Carlos (Mechanical Engineering)
Qiu, Tony (Civil Engineering)
Department
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Specialization

Date accepted
2014-06-20T11:46:50Z
Graduation date
2014-11
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Transportation emissions constitute a significant portion of overall emissions inventories, and contribute to air quality health concerns. Reductions in transportation emissions can be achieved through efficient design of infrastructure, effective policy and regulation, and informed planning decisions. However, current transportation emissions models cannot accomplish all of these goals efficiently, and as a result such reduction opportunities are missed. This work presents a transportation micro-simulation tool that resolves emissions at the link level and efficiently models the effects of traffic congestion, traffic shifting, and mode shifting. This tool can be used for iterative design studies using conventional computing hardware. The model is described in detail, and a confidence assessment tests the model credibility. Several application studies illustrate the usefulness of the approach, and a comparison to an interaction-based micro-simulation demonstrates the efficiency and limitations of the approach.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3K64B077
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
Citation for previous publication
D. I. Handford and M. D. Checkel. "Emissions inventories for transportation planning and environmental purposes," in TRANSLOG 2011, McMaster Institute for Transportation and Logistics, (Hamilton, ON), 2011.D. I. Handford and M. D. Checkel. "Mitigating Climate Change", ch. Emissions Models as a Design Tool for Urban Transportation Planners. Springer, 2013.

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