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Population-level Responses to Nutrient Heterogeneity and Density by Abutilon Theophrasti (Malvaceae): An Experimental Neigborhood Approach Open Access

Descriptions

Author or creator
Casper, B.B.
Cahill, J.F.
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
population density
nutrient heterogeneity
root distributions
Abutilon theophrasti
neighborhood analysis
Malvaceae
population structure
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
An experimental approach was used to examine the effects of spatial nutrient heterogeneity and planting density on the sizes of plants within populations of Abutilon theophrasti. Planting locations were generated using random numbers and replicated among populations growing on two different scales of heterogeneity and homogeneous soils. The same quantity of nutrients (dehydrated cow manure) was added to each population, regardless of the spatial nutrient distribution. The higher density was achieved by adding additional planting locations to those present at the lower density. Plant biomass was compared among ten planting locations present in all populations. Plants in seven locations were smaller at the higher density, but the spatial distribution of nutrients affected plant size in only two locations. At the population level, the higher density reduced mean plant biomass and increased both total biomass and the coefficient of variation in biomass, a measure of size inequality. Only when populations on both scales of heterogeneity were together compared with those on homogeneous soils were population-level measurements found to be significantly affected by soil treatment; heterogeneity resulted in decreased total biomass and an increase in the coefficient of variation, apparently due to an increase in the number of small plants in the population. These results, together with the finding that fine root biomass increased in nutrient-enriched patches, suggest that on heterogeneous soils most plants were able to access nutrient patches.
Date created
1998
License information
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This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
Citation for previous publication
BB Casper and JF Cahill, Jr.. "POPULATION-LEVEL RESPONSES TO NUTRIENT HETEROGENEITY AND DENSITY BY ABUTILON THEOPHRASTI (MALVACEAE): AN EXPERIMENTAL NEIGHBORHOOD APPROACH." American Journal of Botany 85 (1998): 1680-1687.
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