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An evaluation of the stated student outcomes of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) program Open Access


Other title
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Uibel, Barbara Marie
Supervisor and department
Buck, George (Educational Psychology)
Examining committee member and department
Leroy, Carol (Elementary Education)
Paterson, John (Educational Psychology)
Buck, George (Educational Psychology)
Janzen, Henry (Educational Psychology)
Schonert-Riechl, Kimberly (Education, UBC)
Smith, Veronica (Educational Psychology)
Department of Educational Psychology

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the stated student outcomes of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) program including decreases in positive attitudes toward the use of abusable psychotropics and decreases in the self-reported use of the abusable psychotropics. A multivariate quasi-experimental (pre-test, post-test, post-test) design was used and data were collected measuring student demographics, reported drug use, and drug-related attitudes. Participants were 522 grade five and six students from 44 classrooms. Results indicated that the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program had little lasting effect on drug-related attitudes and reported drug use. The findings are stratified by evaluated risk of substance abuse to determine whether there was a differential effect of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education program on subgroups delineated by risk for abusable psychotropic use. Recommendations are made in relation to the findings of this study with regard to pedagogy, programming and possible factors that inform the decisions about abusable psychotropics among this population. Although these findings represent conditions and views at the time of data collection and reflected in the initial literature review, they remain relevant as the issues and motivations that inform the decisions that young people make with regard to the use of abusable psychotropics, as reflected in the second literature review, continues to be an area of significant concern. The matter of devising and implementing timely, effective programming to address the complex problem of abusable psychotropic use by young people remains a relevant issue.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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