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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3PH6H

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Interprocess Communication Mechanisms With Inter-Virtual Machine Shared Memory Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Minitransactions
High Performance
Virtual Machine (VM)
Interprocess Communication (IPC)
Message-Passing Interface (MPI)
Nahanni Shared Memory
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Ke, Xiaodi
Supervisor and department
Lu, Paul (Computing Science)
Examining committee member and department
Jagersand, Martin (Computing Science)
Minev, Peter (Mathematical and Statistical Sciences)
Department
Department of Computing Science
Specialization

Date accepted
2011-08-12T21:46:57Z
Graduation date
2011-11
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
In many cloud computing environments (e.g., Amazon’s public Elastic Computing Cloud and Openstack for private clouds), virtual machine (VM) instances are the unit of resource allocation. When possible, VM instances can be allocated on the same physical server and many techniques (e.g., using shared memory between VMs) can be used to reduce the overhead of the inter-VM communication. Nahanni is a novel inter-VM shared-memory mechanism. We investigate two inter-VM interprocess communication (IPC) mechanisms using Nahanni shared memory. First, minitransactions have different semantics from both traditional shared-memory programming and message-passing programming. We experimentally show that minitransactions can have better performance than traditional lock-based programming under low-contention scenarios. Second, MPI-Nahanni ports the well-known Message-Passing Interface (MPI) system to Nahanni. Using microbenchmarks and the GAMESS application, we show how MPI-Nahanni has higher bandwidth and lower latency (by up to an order of magnitude or more), and better performance than existing VM-based IPC techniques.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3PH6H
Rights
License granted by Xiaodi Ke (xke@cs.ualberta.ca) on 2011-08-10T06:54:53Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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