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Investigation of flow upstream of hydropower intakes Open Access


Other title
selective withdrawal
wall jet
flow acceleration zone
central difference
hydropower dam
line sink
despike algorithm
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Islam, Md Rashedul
Supervisor and department
Zhu, David (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Chan, Dave (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Lange, Carlos (Mechanical Engineering)
Steffler, Peter (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Rajaratnam, Nallamuthu (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Imran, Jasim (Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of South Carolina)
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
This thesis is primarily focused on flow-field upstream of hydropower intakes, with emphasis on the use of temperature control curtains and predicting the flow acceleration zone. By reviewing the available literature, it is concluded that the flow-field upstream of hydropower intake systems can be modeled by potential flow theory. The understanding of near intake flow-field can be useful in fish entrainment studies and in designing fish repulsion systems. To control downstream river temperatures, a flexible curtain was installed upstream of several dams in California. Flow downstream of the curtain was analyzed using a Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) solver with rigorous validation by experimental data. The experiment was conducted with a 4 beam Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV) probe. The study shows that wall jet properties downstream of the curtain are affected by the water depth and the inlet Reynolds number. Empirical expressions were developed to predict jet properties and the wall shear stress. Flow upstream of the curtain was analyzed using potential flow theories with validation by the CFD solver. In this part, a theory based on Schwarz-Christoffel transformation was developed to predict the flow-field upstream of the curtain without accounting for any density stratification in the water body. It is observed that the acceleration zone upstream of the curtain can be affected by sink opening size, its location and water depth. The effect of boundaries on flow upstream of a line sink and the interaction of multiple sinks were analyzed. The effect of stratification on a line sink is also analyzed. A theory is developed to predict the incipient withdrawal condition when a sink is located on the horizontal bottom. The theory is also extended to a tilted bottom. The effect of boundaries on the incipient withdrawal condition is analyzed. When only one layer is being withdrawn, it is shown that a homogenous equation can be applied to a stratified condition by assuming an upper layer boundary at the interface. In addition to these works, a despike algorithm for ADV data is developed, and a numerical analysis on central difference scheme is presented.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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