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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3HQ3S54K

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Mothers, Wives, Housekeepers and More? Maria Feodorovna and Women's Education in Russia, 1796-1828 Open Access

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Other title
Subject/Keyword
Mariia Feodorovna
Russia
Women's Education
Foundling Homes
1759-1828
Maria Feodorovna
Smol'nyi
pedagogical mother
Smolny
1796-1828
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Fairholm, Meagan
Supervisor and department
Coleman, Heather (History and Classics)
Examining committee member and department
Pogosjan, Jelena (Modern Languages and Cultural Studies)
Marples, David (History and Classics)
Carter, Sarah (History and Classics)
Department
Department of History and Classics
Specialization
History
Date accepted
2013-09-24T16:44:21Z
Graduation date
2013-11
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to challenge the commonly-held notion that Empress Maria Feodorovna’s (1759-1828) girls’ schools in Russia were meant to raise nothing more than wives, mothers, and housekeepers. Taking Maria Feodorovna’s social conservatism into account, it explores the curricula of her educational establishments (1) for noble girls (like Smol’nyi), (2) for girls from the meshchanstvo, and (3) the Foundling Homes, and argues that the programs offered, which included training courses for governesses and midwives, were vocational and pragmatic in nature, given the stratified estate system in place in the Russian Empire at that time. Incorporating the persona of the “pedagogical mother” into her “scenario of power,” Maria Feodorovna used a mixture of motherly compassion and iron willpower to reinforce her authority. Furthermore, despite the inherent inequality of the estate-divisions in her institutes, Maria Feodorovna, a vigilant micromanager, tried to enforce the concepts of justice and impartiality in her schools.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3HQ3S54K
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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