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Assessing Energy Adequacy, Healthy Food Diversity, and Self-Reported Food Security in the United States, Canada, and India Open Access


Other title
energy adequacy
food security
healthy food diversity
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Minhas, Simrat
Supervisor and department
Goddard, Ellen (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
Examining committee member and department
Jeffrey, Scott (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
Farmer, Anna (School of Public Health)
Mohapatra, Sandeep (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology
Agricultural and Resource Economics
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
In order to assess the effectiveness of public policy interventions (or lack of) aimed at food insecure households, an individual’s socio-economic and demographic status, energy adequacy, and healthy food diversity need to be better understood. Through a cross-country comparison (Canada, US and India) of the determinants of dietary adequacy and diversity, with different policy programs aimed at enhancing food security in place, we can provide recommendations for effective strategies aimed at reducing food insecurity, in different contexts. Results suggest that multiple indicators need to be assessed to understand the multi-faceted nature of a household’s food security status. Income plays a significant role in energy adequacy, while respondent age and family size play an important role in healthy food diversity. Assessing policy programs by effectiveness suggests that India may benefit from a cash transfer program instead of the traditional TPDS.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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