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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R38X8P

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Increasing woody species diversity for sustainable limestone quarry reclamation in Canada Open Access

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Author or creator
Cohen-Fernandez, A.C.
Naeth, M.A.
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
LFH mineral soil mix
Fall planting
Local wildlings
Reclamation
Spring planting
Woody vegetation
Nursery stock
Limestone quarry
Seeds
Bighorn sheep
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
Environmental sustainability of post mined limestone quarries often requires reclamation to a diverse woody plant community. Woody species diversity may be severely limited if only nursery stock is relied on for propagation material; thus other sources must be evaluated. To address woody species establishment and survival from different propagule sources at a limestone quarry in western Canada, native trees (4) and shrubs (3) were seeded and transplanted into amended substrates (wood shavings, clean fill, unamended control) in two seasons (spring, fall). Plant sources were nursery stock, local forest wildlings, seeds and forest soil (LFH mineral soil mix). Plant emergence, survival, height, health and browsing were evaluated over four years. Survival was greater with fall transplanted seedlings than with spring transplanted. Survival was greater for Picea glauca, Pseudotsuga menziesii and Populus tremuloides from nursery than local source stock. Seedlings from seeds and LFH did not survive for any of the species. Growth and survival were affected by bighorn sheep. Amendments did not improve plant establishment. Diversity of the woody plant community was increased at the quarry in spite of the severe conditions.
Date created
2013
DOI
doi:10.7939/R38X8P
License information
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
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Citation for previous publication
Cohen-Fernández, A.C and M.A. Naeth. (2013). Increasing woody species diversity for sustainable limestone quarry reclamation in Canada. Sustainability, 5(3), 1340-1355. doi:10.3390/su5031340.
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