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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3PW2S

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EXAMINATION OF THE METHODOLOGICAL QUALITY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF SINGLE-CASE STUDIES ON SOCIAL SKILLS INTERVENTIONS OF CHILDREN WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
META-ANALYSIS
SOCIAL SKILLS INTERVENTIONS
METHODOLOGICAL QUALITY
AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Wang, Shin-Yi
Supervisor and department
Parrila, Rauno (Educational Psychology)
Examining committee member and department
Smith, Isabel (Departments of Pediatrics & Psychology, Dalhousie University )
Cui, Ying (Educational Psychology)
Magill-Evans, Joyce (Occupational Therapy)
Rinaldi, Christina (Educational Psychology)
Parrila, Rauno (Educational Psychology)
Sobsey, Richard (Educational Psychology)
Department
Department of Educational Psychology
Specialization
Special Education
Date accepted
2013-01-26T14:15:46Z
Graduation date
2013-06
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
This dissertation includes three studies investigating the methodological quality and treatment effectiveness of single-case research on social skills interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders. Study One developed a list of quality indicators that can be used to examine methodological quality of studies that use single-case research methods. Study One presents the rationale for each indicator and demonstrates how these indicators can be applied. Study Two examined the effectiveness of two different intervention approaches, peer-mediated and video-modeling approaches, by using hierarchical linear modeling. Both intervention approaches were found to significantly improve social behavior of participants with autism spectrum disorders, the two approaches did not differ in their effectiveness, and their effectiveness was moderated by the age of the participants. Study Three investigated treatment effects of 115 single-case studies on social skills interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders and examined the impact of three moderators – age, length of intervention, and research design – on the treatment effectiveness. An overall large mean effect size was found. Only one of the examined moderators, type of research design, moderated the intervention effects: the studies that adopted multiple baseline or reversal design tended to have better outcomes than the studies that adopted other types of single-case research designs. Together, the three studies increase our understanding of the research quality and intervention effectiveness of single-case studies on social skills interventions for individuals with autism spectrum disorders and help to promote evidence-based practices in this field.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3PW2S
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
Citation for previous publication
Wang, S.Y., & Parrila, R. (2008). Quality Indicators for single–case research on social skill interventions for children with autistic spectrum disorder. Developmental Disabilities Bulletin, 36, 81-105.Wang, S.Y., Cui, Y., & Parrila, R. (2011). Examining the effectiveness of peer-mediated and video-modeling social skill interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders: A meta-analysis of single-case research Using HLM. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5, 562-569.Wang, S. Y., Parrila, R. & Cui, Y. (2012). Meta-Analysis of Social Skills Interventions of Single-Case Research for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Results from Three-Level HLM. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s10803-012-1726-2

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