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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3CP9K

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Speech genres and experience: Mikhail Bakhtin and an embodied cultural psychology Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Bakhtin
Experience
Cultural Psychology
Speech Genres
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Cresswell, James
Supervisor and department
Baerveldt, Cor (Psychology)
Examining committee member and department
Mos, Leendert (Psychology)
Varnhagen, Connie (Psychology)
Shields, Rob (Sociology)
Matusov, Eugene (Education)
Noels, Kimberly (Psychology)
Department
Department of Psychology
Specialization

Date accepted
2010-02-02T21:07:15Z
Graduation date
2010-06
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Theorists who endeavor to take sociality seriously have made substantial strides, but the phenomenological immediacy of experience has not been well explored or sufficiently addressed. This dissertation proposes an approach to cultural psychology that accounts for such experience. It addresses how authors such as Hubert Hermans, James Wertsch, Ken Gergen, Derek Edwards, and Jonathan Potter have tended to propose visions of cultural psychology that do not do justice to such experience, partly because they have different analytic interests. Regardless, there is a need in current theorizing in cultural psychology to address culturally orchestrated action in a way that includes experience. This dissertation attempts to address this need. To provide an alternative view on cultural psychology, this dissertation turns to the Russian thinker, Mikhail Bakhtin, and his notion of speech genres. The inherent sociality of embodied experience that is part of Bakhtin’s notion of speech genres is presented in contrast to the views of above-mentioned authors. This work presents a view of Bakhtin’s discussion of realism in relation to experience and sociality. This discussion leads to an alternative sociocultural understanding of individual agency that is central to the ontogenetic development of selfhood. The discussion then progresses to examine what Bakhtin can contribute to a psychology embroiled in postmodernism. Where self has been treated as socially constructed and changeable – such that notions like faithfulness to oneself, which is generally thought to belong in the domain of a true core self, are rendered futile – Bakhtin offers a view of embodied self that both requires and clarifies these notions. The proposed alternative concludes by addressing how research could be conducted for those interested in extending the proposed cultural psychology in an empirical direction.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3CP9K
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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File author: James Cresswell
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