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Risk-taking attitides and their association with process and outcomes of cardiac care: a cohort study Open Access

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Author or creator
King, K.M.
Norris, C.M.
Knudtson, M.L.
Ghali, W.A.
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
Gender
Socioeconomic status
Prospect theory
Decision making
Sex differences
Coronary heart disease
Women
In-hospital mortality
Patient preferences
Acute myocardial infarction
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
Background: Prior research reveals that processes and outcomes of cardiac care differ across sociodemographic strata. One potential contributing factor to such differences is the personality traits of individuals within these strata. We examined the association between risk-taking attitudes and cardiac patients' clinical and demographic characteristics, the likelihood of undergoing invasive cardiac procedures and survival. Methods: We studied a large inception cohort of patients who underwent cardiac catheterization between July 1998 and December 2001. Detailed clinical and demographic data were collected at time of cardiac catheterization and through a mailed survey one year post-catheterization. The survey included three general risk attitude items from the Jackson Personality Inventory. Patients' (n = 6294) attitudes toward risk were categorized as risk-prone versus non-risk-prone and were assessed for associations with baseline clinical and demographic characteristics, treatment received (i.e., medical therapy, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)), and survival ( to December 2005). Results: 2827 patients (45%) were categorized as risk-prone. Having risk-prone attitudes was associated with younger age (p
Date created
2009
DOI
doi:10.7939/R30878
License information
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported
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Citation for previous publication
King KM, Norris CM, Knudtson ML, and Ghali WA. (2009). Risk-taking attitudes and their association with process and outcomes of cardiac care: a cohort study. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 9(36), 1-12. doi:10.1186/1471-2261-9-36.
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File title: Abstract
File title: 1471-2261-9-36.fm
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