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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3TH74

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Magazine Images Depicting the Ideal Fit Male Body: An Outlet for Influencing Body Perceptions and Exercise Related Cognitions Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Internalization
Exercise
Body Image
Media
Self-Objectification
Magazine Images
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Walker, Jessica L.
Supervisor and department
Tanya Berry (Physical Education and Recreation)
Examining committee member and department
Cameron Wild (School of Public Health)
Tara-Leigh McHugh (Physical Education and Recreation)
Department
Physical Education and Recreation
Specialization

Date accepted
2012-09-21T14:03:21Z
Graduation date
2012-09
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
This study examined the effects of viewing health/fitness and sports magazine images on body perceptions and exercise related cognitions in males. The moderating effects of age were also examined. A series of 3 (image-only, magazine cover, control) by 3 (youngest, middle, oldest) ANOVA analyses with internalization, self-objectification, reasons for exercise, and exercise intentions as the dependent variables were conducted. Results from 280 male participants (mean age 36.34, range 18-68 years) showed that the image-only group displayed the greatest level of internalization-general: F(2, 271) = 5.65, p = .004, η² = .040. Additionally, older males reported the lowest level of internalization-general, F(2, 271) = 15.19, p = .000, η² = .101, internalization-athlete, F(2, 271) = 13.07, p = .000, η² = .088, and self-objectification, F(2, 271) = 6.13, p = .002, η² = .043. Findings help us gain a better understanding about the powerful force of the mass media and its effect on consumers.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3TH74
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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