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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3KW2V

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The public health challenge of smoking in Nigeria/Africa Open Access

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Other title
Systematic review of the strength of evidence that Western tobacco-control policies work in Nigeria/Africa
Critical Ethnography – a useful methodology in exploring the public health challenge of smoking in different resource settings
Critical Realism (CR): a practical ontology to explain the complexities of smoking and tobacco control in different resource settings.
Subject/Keyword
Health policy
Smoking
critical ethnography
Africa
Tobacco control
Nigeria
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Oladele, Dunsi
Supervisor and department
Dr. Lory Laing - School of Public Health
Dr. Solina Richter - Faculty of Nursing
Examining committee member and department
Dr. Alex Clark - Faculty of Nursing
Dr. Solina Richter - Faculty of Nursing
Dr. Lory Laing - School of Public Health
Dr. Walter Kipp - School of Public Health
Department
School of Public Health Sciences
Specialization
Health policy and management
Date accepted
2012-08-30T15:06:59Z
Graduation date
2012-11
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
This dissertation is situated in the context of what knowledge counts in health and tobacco control regulation in Nigeria. The use of critical realism and critical ethnography is to highlight the responses of smokers and public health professionals in Nigeria and identify the connectedness of ideas in ways that smoking in Nigeria can be addressed effectively. The broader topic for the dissertation is the Public Health Challenge of Smoking in Nigeria (Africa). Under this broad topic, three manuscripts emerged from the study. The first manuscript is Critical Realism (CR) - a practical ontology to explain the complexities of smoking and tobacco control in different resource settings. The second manuscript is Critical Ethnography - a useful methodology in exploring the public health challenge of smoking in different resource settings. The third manuscript is the systematic review of the strength of evidence that Western tobacco control policies work in Nigeria (Africa). The study adds to the body of literature on global tobacco control research. The unequivocal position from this study is to have tobacco control policies tailored specifically to the needs of the Nigerian population. Clearly, there is a need for effective public education campaigns against smoking in Nigeria. Many of the smokers interviewed had limited knowledge on the adverse health effects of smoking and highly underestimated the dangers of cigarette smoking. In qualitative research, studies are not conceptualized according to a hypothesis; instead a general question is explored. The research, the public health challenge of smoking in Nigeria, was undertaken and analyzed through a critical ethnography lens using critical realism as a philosophical underpinning. The study relied upon the following components; original field work in Nigeria that included participant observation of smokers, in depth interviews and focus groups with smokers and in depth interviews with health professionals working in the area of tobacco control in Nigeria.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3KW2V
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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