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TB, HIV, and TB/HIV co-infection: Community Knowledge and Stigma in Western Uganda Open Access
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- Type of item
- Degree grantor
University of Alberta
- Author or creator
Wynne, Ashley KM
- Supervisor and department
Kipp, Walter (Public Health Sciences)
Richter, Solina (Nursing)
- Examining committee member and department
Houston, Stan (Public Health Sciences, Medicine)
Jhangri, Gian (Public Health Sciences)
School Public Health Sciences
- Date accepted
- Graduation date
Master of Science
- Degree level
The threat of Tuberculosis(TB) cannot be considered in isolation from the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This study assessed knowledge and stigma surrounding TB and HIV co-infection in Kabarole district, Uganda. This cross-sectional mixed methods study used a multi stage survey design (n=360) and focus groups discussions.
Mean knowledge scores were 58% for HIV, 33% for TB and 48% for TB/HIV. Percentage classified as having high stigma were 26% for HIV, 47% for TB, and 21% for co-infection. Education predicted higher HIV knowledge, co-infection knowledge, and lower TB stigma. TB knowledge was predicted by rural residence, and age ≥45years. Those who had an HIV+ friend had lower HIV stigma. Respondents believed that TB was transmitted by sharing cups, smoking, and that TB was not curable. Fear of TB is driven by the assumption that “TB means HIV”.
TB knowledge is low and stigma is high, TB awareness campaigns should be a priority.
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