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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3WM13T6D

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Processes of wetland loss in India Open Access

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Author or creator
Foote, A.L.
Pandey, S.
Krogman, N.T.
Additional contributors
Subject/Keyword
Sustainability
Wetland
India
Causes
Habitat Degradation
Type of item
Journal Article (Published)
Language
English
Place
Time
Description
Wetlands in India supply crucial human and animal needs such as drinking water, protein production, fodder, water purification, wildlife habitat, and flood storage. Increased appreciation of uses and threats is essential to protect wetlands where justified. Three quarters of India's population is rural, it places great demands on India's wetlands and losses continue to occur. This paper is based on extensive discussions with natural resource managers, government employees, farmers, academicians, and resource users at dozens of sites in India, as well as an extensive literature search. Twelve important kinds of wetland loss are identified and mechanisms believed to be causing them discussed: (1) agricultural conversion, (2) direct deforestation, (3) hydrologic alteration, (4) inundation, (5) defoliation, (6) altered upper watersheds, (7) accumulative water demands, (8) water quality degradation, (9) wetland consolidation, (10) global climate change, (11) ground-water depletion, (12) exotic species and biodiversity. Wetland understanding, management, and public awareness in India must continue growing if wetland resources are to remain functional.
Date created
1996
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3WM13T6D
License information
Rights
© 1996 Cambridge University Press. This version of this article is open access and can be downloaded and shared. The original author(s) and source must be cited.
Citation for previous publication
Foote, A. L., S. Pandey, and N. T. Krogman. (1996). Processes of wetland loss in India. Environmental Conservation, 23(1), 45-54.
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File title: Processes of wetland loss in India
File author: A. Lee Foote, Sanjeeva Pandey, Naomi T. Krogman
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