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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R37D2QC9W

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Safety Evaluation of Intersection Safety Camera Program in Edmonton Open Access

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Other title
Subject/Keyword
Intersection Collisions
Intersection Safety Cameras
Traffic Safety
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Contini, Laura
Supervisor and department
El-Basyouny, Karim (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Adeeb, Samer (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Kim, Amy (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Department
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Specialization
Transportation Engineering
Date accepted
2015-09-28T10:51:01Z
Graduation date
2015-11
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
This thesis evaluates the safety effects of intersection safety devices (ISD). The purpose of ISD cameras is to reduce the number of collisions that result from red-light running and speeding at intersections. Typically, ISD cameras are placed at one or more approaches of an intersection and identify drivers who either speed or run red-lights at that approach. Currently, the City of Edmonton has a total of 50 ISD cameras installed at 30 intersections. The goal of this thesis is to evaluate the collision reductions that occur as a result of ISD camera installation and to identify factors which contributed to the successful application of ISD cameras. The effectiveness of several site selection criteria is also evaluated, and potential new site selection criteria are identified. The collision reductions are determined using the before-and-after Empirical Bayes (EB) methodology. The EB method controls for many potential sources of bias, and is identified in the literature as the preferred method for safety evaluations. The results showed significant reductions in total collisions as well as angle and rear-end collisions. The reduction in total collisions ranged from 13% to 25%. The reduction in angle collisions ranged from 13% to 27%. The impact of site selection criteria on collision reduction was also evaluated. Greater reduction were found at sites that had higher collision frequency. Additionally, the impact of intersection characteristics on collision reduction was investigated. It was found that lane width, speed limits, and the number of lanes had an impact on ISD collision reduction. From the results it could be concluded that ISD cameras were effective at improving the safety of the evaluated intersections. Finally, the intersection characteristics associated with greater ISD collision reductions can be used to aid in determining locations for future ISD installation.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R37D2QC9W
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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