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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3B682

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Water Trading: Irrigation Technology Adoption and Economic Impact of Transboundary Water Reallocation Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
water market, technology adoption, stochasitc modeling, risks and uncertainity
farm level simulation, profit model, CGE model, chance constrained programming
Water trading,water markets, irrigation technology adoption, economic impacts,water reallocation, transboundary cooperation, benefits sharing,Nile River basin, Southern Alberta
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Danso,George K
Supervisor and department
Dr. Scott Jeffrey (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
Dr. Brent Swallow (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
Dr. Terry Veeman (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
Examining committee member and department
Dr. Brent Swallow (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
Dr. Scott Jeffrey (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology), Dr. Terry Veeman (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology), Dr. Brent Swallow (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology), Dr. Denise Young (Department of Economics) and Dr. Theodore Horbulyk (University of Calgary)
Dr. Denise Young (Department of Economics)
Dr. Terry Veeman (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
Dr. Theodore Horbulyk (University of Calgary)
Dr. Scott Jeffrey (Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology)
Department
Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology
Specialization
Agricultural and Resource Economics
Date accepted
2014-08-01T15:39:11Z
Graduation date
2014-11
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
The overall purpose of the study is to evaluate how water trading could improve water use efficiency in southern Alberta, Canada and how benefits of water reallocation could be achieved in the Nile River basin in Africa. The impact of water scarcity has become more prominent in these areas in recent years because of increasing population growth, urbanization rates, and unexpected changes in climate patterns. The ability to supply water to meet the needs of multiple sectors of the society is a compelling challenge to policy makers in the developed and in the developing world. In the first paper, the gain of adopting efficient irrigation technologies as a major water conservation strategy is assessed in southern Alberta, Canada. Water trading is modeled with a choice of irrigation technology adoption. Simulation results show that farmers will be willing to use efficient irrigation technologies when the net gains from adoption are higher than the cost of adoption. However, the adoption of most efficient irrigation technologies is more likely to occur when water conservation-induced polices are provided in the South Saskatchewan River Basin (SSRB). In the second paper, the economic impact of altering the current agreement governing the Nile River Basin is assessed. The Nile River basin is still governed by the 1959 agreement signed between Egypt and Sudan, without the upstream countries. With this agreement, of the annual average 84 billion cubic meters (BCM) of Nile River water, 66 percent is allocated to Egypt and 22 percent to Sudan with the remaining 12 percent going to surface evaporation and seepage at the Aswan High Dam in Egypt. The simulation results show that under certainty conditions, reallocation of water to Ethiopia would have minimal impact on the economies of Egypt and Sudan. However, under stochastic conditions, a greater negative impact is observed in the agricultural sector while in both countries the industrial and services sectors improve. Overall, there is a net welfare gain of 3.1 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of all the three countries under certainty conditions of water reallocation. Under stochastic conditions, however, there is a 0.53 percent net welfare loss of GDP to the three countries with water reallocation. These results tend to suggest that if these countries could cooperate, it would be possible to mitigate the negative impacts of water reallocation on Egypt and Sudan.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3B682
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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