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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3DF6KB77

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How Salience of Consistency Norms Affects Individual Differences in Ambivalent Answering in North Americans Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Culture
Dialecticism
Answering Styles
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Russell, Matthew J
Supervisor and department
Takahiko Masuda
Examining committee member and department
Sarah Moore (Business)
Anthony Singhal (Psychology)
Esther Fujiware (Psychiatry)
Department
Department of Psychology
Specialization

Date accepted
2013-08-30T14:00:20Z
Graduation date
2013-11
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
Previous studies have found a positive relationship between trait dialecticism and ambivalent answering (Church et al., 2012; Hamamura et al., 2008). The current study explored how this relationship is affected for situational personality tests after manipulating the saliency of consistency norms (inconsistency vs. consistency manipulation), and classifying participants‘ reactions to the manipulations (Non-Reactance vs. Reactance). The results indicated that (1) Non-reactant participants showed a strong relationship between dialecticism and ambivalent answering in the inconsistency manipulation, but there was no relationship between the two in the consistency manipulation; and (2) Reactant participants showed a weaker relationship in the inconsistency manipulation, and a strong relationship in the consistency manipulation. In addition to these findings, the results indicated a positive relationship between self-knowledge and ambivalent answering, finding that the inconsistency manipulation significantly attenuates this relationship. Implications for cultural/personality research with experimental manipulations, and how to emphasize individual differences when designing manipulations, are discussed.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3DF6KB77
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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