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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3BH51

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Speech breathing and prosody during statement and question productions in seven-year-old children Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
prosody
speech breathing
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Papadopoulos, Georgina Paulette Maria
Supervisor and department
Rieger, Jana (Speech Pathology & Audiology)
Boliek, Carol (Speech Pathology & Audiology)
Examining committee member and department
Campbell, Melanie (Speech Pathology & Audiology)
Tucker, Benjamin V. (Linguistics)
Department
Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology
Specialization
Speech-Language Pathology
Date accepted
2014-01-07T14:56:42Z
Graduation date
2014-06
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of prosodic contrasts in differing contextual scenarios (e.g., questions, statements) on acoustic measures and speech breathing parameters in children. Twelve English-speaking 7-year-old children participated. Structured and unstructured speaking tasks were used to elicit productions of questions and statements. Speech breathing measures included: lung volume initiations, terminations, and excursions, and number of syllables per breath group. Acoustic measures included: f0 average, f0 slope, dB average, and syllable duration. Significant differences were observed for acoustic measures associated with questions and statements in both structured and unstructured tasks and only f0 slope was found significant different in both tasks. Also, one breathing measure in the unstructured task had significance difference for questions and statements. Results of the study demonstrated that 7-year old children appeared to use mainly laryngeal adjustments to mark prosodic contrasts in structured conditions eliciting question and statement productions.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3BH51
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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