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Stray loss analysis of AC machines using time-stepped finite elements Open Access


Other title
Finite element analysis
Stray loss
Evolution strategy
AC machine
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Zhan, Yang
Supervisor and department
Andrew M. Knight (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Marek Reformat (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
John Salmon (Electrical and Computer Engineering)
Narayan Kar (Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Windsor)
Roger Toogood (Mechanical Engineering)
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
This thesis investigates stray losses in AC machines using the time-stepped finite element technique. Two aspects of this topic are involved in this thesis. The first aspect is to construct a finite element model for AC machine systems and develop an efficient numerical solution for the system equation; as the emphasis of this thesis, the second aspect is use the above model to analyze stray losses in AC machines under a variety of operation, design and manufacturing conditions. The thesis modifies the traditional 2-D finite element technique to account for the variations in electromagnetic field along the machine’s axis resulting from skewed structures, rotor interbar currents and ventilation ducts. Domain decomposition and parallel computation are incorporated to efficiently give a numerical solution to the system equation. The factors affecting harmonic stray losses in AC machines including pulse width modulation (PWM) supply, interbar resistance and slot shape are investigated using the above efficient analysis tool. Simulations and tests under different load conditions are carried out for an induction motor to investigate the additional harmonic stray loss caused by the PWM supply. For a large synchronous generator, simulations and tests are performed to study the effect of different amortisseur interbar resistances on the slot harmonic contents and the resulting harmonic stray loss in the amorisseur cage. As a factor influential to magnet stray loss in permanent magnet synchronous machines, various slot shape designs are assessed by simulations. An optimization based on an evolutionary strategy is implemented to find the best slot shape design with minimum machine loss. The conclusions in the thesis provide valued information to direct the future design and manufacture of efficient AC machines.
License granted by Yang Zhan ( on 2010-01-08 (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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