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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3X05XM5S

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Technology Adoption by Ontario Dairy Producers: Productivity-enhancing versus Cost-minimizing Technologies Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Technology adoption
Productivity-enhancing
Ontario
Supply management
Dairy
Cost-minimizing
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Ntoni, Jonathan Okyere
Supervisor and department
An, Henry (Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology University of Alberta)
Examining committee member and department
Boxall, Peter (Chair) (Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology University of Alberta)
Rude, James (Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology University of Alberta)
Goddard, Ellen (Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology University of Alberta)
Department
Department of Resource Economics and Environmental Sociology
Specialization
Agricultural and Resource Economics
Date accepted
2015-07-10T13:10:30Z
Graduation date
2015-11
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
Under supply management, Canadian dairy producers maximize profits subject to their quota holdings. This constraint on supply effectively leads producers to solve a cost-minimization problem, which may have an effect on their use of technology. I hypothesize that Ontario dairy producers have adopted more cost-minimizing (CM) than productivity-enhancing (PE) technologies. Using data from a 2013 survey of Ontario dairy producers, I characterize technology use in Ontario’s dairy industry under the current policy regime and empirically evaluate the effect of various technologies on cow productivity and dairy farm performance. Findings from mean comparison tests show that Ontario producers adopt more CM than PE technologies. Results from propensity score matching and endogenous switching regression models show that the adoption of some PE technologies has positive impact on cow productivity. The adoption of genotyping technology and the use of total mixed rations significantly improve dairy farm performance by reducing feed costs by 8 and 11%, respectively. Overall, my results suggest that producers have adopted technologies that minimize costs. Looking forward, Canadian producers will need not only to consolidate and expand their dairy operations, but will also need to adopt more PE technologies in order to be internationally competitive if supply management weakens.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3X05XM5S
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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