The Health Equity Area of Excellence (AoE) provides leadership in the creation of a community of scholars within the Faculty of Nursing that foster discourse and inquiry to examine issues related to social determinants of health as conditions for social advantage/ disadvantage and systematic disparities in health.
Items in this Collection
An integrated web-based mental health intervention of assessment-referral-care to reduce stress, anxiety, and depression in hospitalized pregnant women with medically high-risk pregnancies: a feasibility study protocol of hospital-based implementationDownload
Background: At prevalence rates of up to 40%, rates of depression and anxiety among women with medically complex pregnancies are 3 times greater than those in community-based samples of pregnant women. However, mental health care is not a component of routine hospital-based antenatal care for...
Are community midwives addressing the inequities in access to skilled birth attendance in Punjab, Pakistan? Gender, class and social exclusionDownload
Background: Pakistan is one of the six countries estimated to contribute to over half of all maternal deaths worldwide. To address its high maternal mortality rate, in particular the inequities in access to maternal health care services, the government of Pakistan created a new cadre of...
Barriers, motivators and facilitators related to prenatal care utilization among inner-city women in Winnipeg, Canada: a case–control studyDownload
Background: The reasons why women do not obtain prenatal care even when it is available and accessible are complex. Despite Canada’s universally funded health care system, use of prenatal care varies widely across neighborhoods in Winnipeg, Manitoba, with the highest rates of inadequate prenatal...
Bed rest and activity restriction for women at risk for preterm birth: a survey of Canadian prenatal care providers.Download
OBJECTIVE: To explore the practices of Canadian obstetricians, family physicians, and midwives in recommending bed rest or activity restriction for women at risk for preterm birth (PTB) and to assess the decisional conflict experienced by care providers when they recommend these therapies....
Canadians with dementia: Gender differences in use and availability of home- and community-based health services.Download
The purpose was to examine the use and availability of home and communitybased services by men and women with dementia using data from the 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey.Variables of interest were based on the Andersen and Newman model and included predisposing, enabling, need, and use of...
Childhood maltreatment, alcohol use disorders, and treatment utilization in a national sample of emerging adults.Download
Childhood Maltreatment, Alcohol Use Disorders, and Treatment Utilization in a National Sample of Emerging Adults The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between childhood maltreatment and alcohol use disorders (AUDs), treatment utilization, and barriers to treatment in a...
Background Nausea and vomiting is a problem for children after neurosurgery and those requiring posterior fossa procedures appear to have a high incidence. This clinical observation has not been quantified nor have risk factors unique to this group of children been elucidated. Methods A six year...
Comparing the feasibility, acceptability, clinical-, and cost-effectiveness of mental health e-screening to paper-based screening on the detection of depression, anxiety, and psychosocial risk in pregnant women: A study protocol of a randomized, parallel-group, superiority trial.Download
Background Stress, depression, and anxiety affect 15% to 25% of pregnant women. However, substantial barriers to psychosocial assessment exist, resulting in less than 20% of prenatal care providers assessing and treating mental health problems. Moreover, pregnant women are often reluctant to...
Comparison of maternity experiences of Canadian-born and recent and non-recent immigrant women: findings from the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey.Download
Objective: To compare the maternity experiences of immigrant women (recent, ≤ 5 years in Canada; non-recent > 5 years) with those of Canadian-born women. Methods: This study was based on data from the Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey of the Public Health Agency of Canada. A stratified random...
Introduction: Effective communication between patients and healthcare staff is important in all healthcare services. Previous studies investigating criticism and complaints concerning treatment reported by patients and relatives in a healthcare context point to the most common complaints were...