Journal Articles (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
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Recent increases in Arctic freshwater flux affects Labrador Sea convection and Atlantic overturning circulationDownload
The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is an important component of ocean thermohaline circulation. Melting of Greenland’s ice sheet is freshening the North Atlantic; however, whether the augmented freshwater flux is disrupting the AMOC is unclear. Dense Labrador Sea Water (LSW),...
The transport of freshwater is analyzed in an eddy-permitting regional model of the sub-polar North Atlantic, focusing on the export of freshwater (in liquid form) through Davis Strait. The results show that in the model simulations there is a limited exchange of freshwater between the Labrador...
Decline and partial rebound of the Labrador Current 1993-2004: Monitoring ocean currents from altimetric and conductivity-temperature-depth dataDownload
Monitoring and understanding of Labrador Current variability is important because it is intimately linked to the meridional overturning circulation and the marine ecosystem off northeast North America. Nevertheless, knowledge of its decadal variability is inadequate because of scarcity of current...
Chassignet, Eric, Lee, Craig M., Bamber, Jonathan L., Curry, Beth, Dukhovskoy, Dmitry S., Timmermans, Mary-Louise, Platov, Gennady, Myers, Paul G., Proshutinsky, Andrey, Hu, Xianmin, Somavilla, Raquel
Accelerating since the early 1990s, the Greenland Ice Sheet mass loss exerts a significant impact on thermohaline processes in the sub-Arctic seas. Surplus freshwater discharge from Greenland since the 1990s, comparable in volume to the amount of freshwater present during the Great Salinity...
A number of recent studies have shown enhanced retreat of tidewater glaciers over much of southern and western Greenland. One of the fastest retreats has occurred at Jakobshavn Isbrae, with the rapid retreat linked to the arrival of relatively warm and saline Irminger water along the west coast...
Separating the influence of projected changes in air temperature and wind on patterns of sea level change and ocean heat contentDownload
We present ocean model sensitivity experiments aimed at separating the influence of the projected changes in the “thermal” (near-surface air temperature) and “wind” (near-surface winds) forcing on the patterns of sea level and ocean heat content. In the North Atlantic, the distribution of sea...
The role of the thermohaline circulation in controlling export production, oxygenation of deep waters, and hence possible sapropel formation in the eastern Mediterranean is examined using a simple nutrient-cycling model. The model is driven by velocity fields from a general circulation model and...
Mixed layer depth (MLD) is computed, based upon historical measurements along Line P, in the Gulf of Alaska. Forty-six years of data are used for the monthly climatological calculations. To examine variability, the data are divided into two periods, pre and post 1976. Mixed layers deepen in...
Sensitivity of the subpolar North Atlantic to Last Glacial Maximum surface forcing and sea ice distribution in an eddy-permitting regional ocean modelDownload
The impact of paleoatmospheric forcing and sea ice distribution on the circulation of the subpolar North Atlantic is examined in a regional eddy-permitting ocean model. We focus on water mass formation and the pathway of the North Atlantic Current. Paleofluxes are obtained from a coupled...
On the importance of the choice of wind stress forcing to the modeling of the Mediterranean Sea circulationDownload
A 1/4° degree ocean general circulation model is used to examine the role that four different wind stress climatologies play on the circulation of the Mediterranean. The wind stress climatologies examined are those derived from numerical weather prediction models (National Meteorological Center...