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Journal Articles (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
Items in this Collection
- 7Thermohaline Circulation
- 3Ocean Circulation
- 2Boundary Currents
- 2General-Circulation Model
- 2Labrador Sea
A coarse resolution model is developed to study the thermohaline circulation of the North Atlantic. This model is driven by the annual mean Hellerman and Rosenstein wind stress field, Levitus sea surface restoring temperatures, and Schmitt, Bogden, and Dorman freshwater flux fields (mixed...
Modeling the paleocirculation of the Mediterranean: The Last Glacial Maximum and the Holocene with emphasis on the formation of sapropel S1Download
An ocean general circulation model is used to simulate the thermohaline circulation in the Mediterranean sea during the last glacial maximum and the Holocene, when the sapropel S1 was deposited. The model is forced by prescribed surface temperatures and salinities, where present-day values lead...
Effect of a variable eddy transfer coefficient in an eddy-permitting model of the subpolar North Atlantic OceanDownload
The effect of using a variable eddy transfer coefficient for the Gent–McWilliams (GM) parameterization in a (1/3)°-resolution ocean model of the subpolar North Atlantic Ocean is investigated. Results from four experiments with different implementations of this coefficient are compared among...
Southward transports in the deep western boundary current across 53°N, over 1949–99, are determined from a historical reconstruction. Long-term mean transports, for given water masses, for net southward transport (the southward component of the transport not including recirculation given in...
Recent increases in Arctic freshwater flux affects Labrador Sea convection and Atlantic overturning circulationDownload
The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is an important component of ocean thermohaline circulation. Melting of Greenland’s ice sheet is freshening the North Atlantic; however, whether the augmented freshwater flux is disrupting the AMOC is unclear. Dense Labrador Sea Water (LSW),...
Chassignet, Eric, Lee, Craig M., Bamber, Jonathan L., Curry, Beth, Dukhovskoy, Dmitry S., Timmermans, Mary-Louise, Platov, Gennady, Myers, Paul G., Proshutinsky, Andrey, Hu, Xianmin, Somavilla, Raquel
Accelerating since the early 1990s, the Greenland Ice Sheet mass loss exerts a significant impact on thermohaline processes in the sub-Arctic seas. Surplus freshwater discharge from Greenland since the 1990s, comparable in volume to the amount of freshwater present during the Great Salinity...
Zika, J. , Inall, M., Pillar, H., Zhao, J., Li, F., Lozier, M., Bower, A., Houpert, L., Yang, J., Bacon, S., Greenan, B., Holliday, N., Thierry, V., Marshall, D., Heimbach, P., Weller, R., Pickart, R., Lin, X., Cunningham, S., Karstensen, J., Wilson, C., Johnson, H., deYoung, B., Gary, S., Williams, R., Straneo, F., Mackay, N., Johns, W., Fischer, J., Mercier, H., de Jong, M., de Steur, L., Myers, P.
For decades oceanographers have understood the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) to be primarily driven by changes in the production of deep-water formation in the subpolar and subarctic North Atlantic. Indeed, current Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projections...