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Graduate Research (Library & Information Studies)

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  1. Toward a Theory of Library and Information Science [Download]

    Title: Toward a Theory of Library and Information Science
    Creator: Alvin M. Schrader
    Description: The present inquiry addresses the problem of an adequate definition of the domain of library and information science. Such a definition must be formulated according to the rigor of logic, for it is patent that mapping out a scholarly domain is more than an act of self-evident discovery. Discourse about a domain does not arrange itself in social reality; it must be rendered explicit. Concepts must be expressed as a system of linguistic terms. Such a terminological system is a necessary condition for the development among a community of researchers and practitioners of a consensus on the fundamental problems posed in their inquiry and service activities. Without this consensus in the community, progress in conceptualization is impeded, and so knowledge cannot advance. The present research applies logical and conceptual analysis to the task of defining the domain of library and information science. First, extant definitions are examined from the literature (in English, to 1981) and their diverse usage of terms is set forth. Basic concepts are identified and for each basic concept the synonymous terms are brought together. In this way a typology of generic definitions is developed. Then, the logical adequacy of each generic definition is considered. The analysis reveals a profound depth of confusion, disagreement, contradiction, and inconsistency over the past 100 years about the proper characterization of the domain. More than 1,500 definitions of it are documented here, and they contain over 340 synonymous, quasi-synonymous, and pseudo-synonymOus terms purporting to capture its essence. Nowhere are the flawed claims more apparent than in the efforts to tease apart a domain of information science (itself only one among many fuzzy terms) from that of library science. The dissertation then introduces the S1GGS metatheory, an extension of general system theory, as a way of enhancing domain conceptualization. In this enhancement, library and information science is taken to be a system of human social practice in which one person facilitates access to selected cultural objects on behalf of another person who is seeking access to them. The practice so characterized is the 'symbolic culture accessing system'. The present work argues that this conception provides a more adequate and more powerful description of the domain than those definitions so far posited. As such, it constitutes a rudimentary descriptive theory of library and information science and so holds some promise of focusing the community's long-awaited consensus.
    Subjects: Library and Information Science, Library and Information Studies, Librarianship, Information Science, Logical and Conceptual Analysis, Definitional Analysis, Domain Analysis, Symbolic Culture Accessing System, Theory of Library and Information Science, Domain Theory, General Systems Theory, SIGGS Theory Model, Informatics, Documentation, Information Retrieval, Science Information, Computer Science, Information, Libraries, Information Profession, Information Technology, Bibliometrics, Information Management, Knowledge Management, Documentology, Social Epistemology
    Date Created: 1983/07
  2. Library Soundscape [Download]

    Title: Library Soundscape
    Creator: Johnston, Lucinda
    Description: A soundscape created as part of my research project for Advanced Research in LIS (597): an acoustic ethnography of Rutherford Library North. For this project I collected environmental sounds and conducted interviews asking library users questions about their perception of experience with sound in the library. This soundscape comprises sounds recorded in Rutherford Library North, and is intended to exemplify the themes that emerged from analyses of interviews: Absence of Sound: i.e. no sounds, or some sound Presence of sound: i.e. general sounds, specific sounds, people sounds Music: i.e. type of music, or effect of music Library Activities: i.e. environmental interactions, or cognitive/mental activities Who: i.e. collective vs individual Where: i.e. classrooms, or lecture hall
    Subjects: Soundscapes (Music), Sound recordings in ethnology, Academic libraries
    Date Created: 2017
  3. Canadian First World War poetry monographs, 1914-1918: A bibliography [Download]

    Title: Canadian First World War poetry monographs, 1914-1918: A bibliography
    Creator: Hamilton, Sam
    Description: The purpose of this research is to develop a resource intended for researchers interested in Canadian First World War poetry. Canadian poetry anthologies for records related to both Canadian poetry and World War I poetry published between 1914 and 1918 were searched and added to the bibliography. This bibliography is the first written about Canadian First World War poets.
    Subjects: World War, 1914-1918--Poetry, War poetry, Canadian, Guerre, 1914-1918 (Mondiale, 1re)--Poésie, Poésie de guerre canadienne
    Date Created: 2017/04
  4. Building a Knowledge Management System: The KM Needs of a Small Construction Business [Download]

    Title: Building a Knowledge Management System: The KM Needs of a Small Construction Business
    Creator: Erin Wabisca
    Description: The authors conducted a knowledge audit of a local Edmonton construction business Hillview Homes. Based on the pre-existing literature regarding the knowledge management needs of small businesses and the construction industry, as well as the findings derived from semi-structured interviews with Hillview Homes personnel, the authors recommend Hillview Homes implement an Electronic Information Management (EIM) system. The authors also recommend that Hillview Homes implement a knowledge preservation process in order to retain institutional memory when long-term employees retire.
    Subjects: Knowledge Management, Small Business, Construction
    Date Created: 2017/02/15
  5. Canadian First World War Poetry Monographs, 1914-1918: A Bibliography [Download]

    Title: Canadian First World War Poetry Monographs, 1914-1918: A Bibliography
    Creator: Hamilton, Sam
    Description: This bibliography collates poetry written about and during the First World War by Canadian poets. Its focus is on monographs - that is, books of poetry - published between 1914 and 1918. It does not include unpublished works or poems published in serial publications; nor does it record the books of poetry published post-war. Its purpose is to provide a resource to researchers interested in the subjects of Canadian poetry and poets, and of the First World War, by facilitating the discovery of the poetry and poets recorded herein. It is the first bibliography written about Canadian First World War poetry. The poets and their poetry recorded in this bibliography were discovered using both online and print sources. Names were drawn from anthologies of First World War poetry and Canadian poetry. Author and subject field searches were conducted in the international online catalogue, WorldCat, and in the University of Alberta’s local online catalogue, NEOS. Results were limited to works published between 1914 and 1918. A total of 98 Canadian poets were discovered to have published 140 monographs between 1914 and 1918 that contain poetry written about the First World War.
    Subjects: World War, 1914-1918--Poetry, War poetry, Canadian, Guerre, 1914-1918 (Mondiale, 1re)--Poésie, Poésie de guerre canadienne, Bibliographies
    Date Created: 2016/12/08
  6. Current News on Publishing [Download]

    Title: Current News on Publishing
    Creator: Nguyen, Tanya
    Description: This eBook was an assignment created for the Library and Information Studies (LIS) 541 Publishing course. For the thirteen weeks together, we came to class prepared to discuss a publishing news article or source we found related to the publishing topic of the week, which included scholarly publishing, trade book retailing, distribution and discovery, and speciality publishing to name a few. Each chapter in the eBook consists of online sources that I have chosen, in which I summarized the main points or issues and made reflections where appropriate.
    Subjects: Libraries and electronic publishing, Book industries and trade--Bookselling and publishing--Self-publishing, Open access publishing
    Date Created: 2017-02-13
  7. Availability of Resources for Religious Practice in Canadian Public Libraries [Download]

    Title: Availability of Resources for Religious Practice in Canadian Public Libraries
    Creator: Snihurowych, Sarah V. W.
    Description: Although religious groups make up a significant percentage of the Canadian population, there is a gap in research about whether or not Canadian libraries carry sufficient materials to meet the needs of their religious users. To address this gap, this study examined the number of Christian, Islamic, and Sikh religious resources, which were applicable for religious practice, in Toronto Public Library and Vancouver Public Library. This information was compared to the most current data from Statistics Canada on the number of self-identified Christians, Muslims and, Sikhs living in Toronto and Vancouver. The findings suggest that the amount of religious material currently available for the religious practice of these groups may be inadequate and that this is an issue which requires further investigation.
    Subjects: Canadian Public Libraries, Religious Library Materials, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, Library Collections
    Date Created: 2017
  8. Resource Guide: Public Library Services for People who are Homeless or Under-housed in North America [Download]

    Title: Resource Guide: Public Library Services for People who are Homeless or Under-housed in North America
    Creator: Kathryne Brattland
    Description: "Public Library Services for People who are Homeless or Under-housed in North America" is a resource guide that was created for LIS 592: Intellectual Freedom and Social Responsibility, taught by Dr. Toni Samek. This guide is a summary of major findings and themes from a term paper completed for this course. Research for this guide consisted of a thorough literature review of policies, position statements, and popular and academic articles concerning public library access for vulnerable populations, including people who are homeless or under-housed, in North America. Topics covered in the resource guide include facts on homelessness in Canada, policies and position statements from the CLA and ALA on library services for people who are homeless, common barriers to library access and areas for improvement, and resources and references for librarians.
    Subjects: Homelessness, Public libraries, Public library services, Library policies, Resource guide
    Date Created: 2016/4/7
  9. Soul Shifting-Theme [Download]

    Title: Soul Shifting-Theme
    Creator: Lucinda Johnston
    Description: These three items were submitted to fulfill the requirements for an open assignment in the course HuCo 617: Digital Feminisms. They represent my learning in response to three challenges I set for myself: Challenge 1: To expand and use digital technology skills, particularly as this is not my forte nor within my academic experience. Response 1: Twine software does not employ "programming code" per se, but having never utilised any sort of technology that required "code" in any way, this was a good introduction to the concept of "coding" language and conventions. Challenge 2: To increase my understanding of Feminist theory and history. Response 2: I also had never taken a Women's Studies course before, and finding myself in a graduate level course that examined technology through feminist critical theory, I knew I would have a steep learning curve. Many of the concepts developed in this project were informed by what I learned from several historical texts which I assigned to myself as "extra-curricular" reading material. Challenge 3: As this was an "open" (creatively/intellectually) assignment, I wanted to take advantage of the opportunity to explore and express my text-based learning in a non-textual medium. Response 3: I composed a a piece of music in which I tried to embody many of the key messages of the text upon which I based my project: “Love as a Hermeneutics of Social Change, a Decolonizing Movida” (by Chela Sandoval). The resulting rudimentary, interactive game and theme, with an accompanying written description of my experience is what you will find here.
    Subjects: Digital Storytelling, Interactive Games, Chela Sandoval, Third World Feminism
    Date Created: 2016/03/25
  10. Soul Shifting-Write-up [Download]

    Title: Soul Shifting-Write-up
    Creator: Lucinda Johnston
    Description: These three items were submitted to fulfill the requirements for an open assignment in the course HuCo 617: Digital Feminisms. They represent my learning in response to three challenges I set for myself: Challenge 1: To expand and use digital technology skills, particularly as this is not my forte nor within my academic experience. Response 1: Twine software does not employ "programming code" per se, but having never utilised any sort of technology that required "code" in any way, this was a good introduction to the concept of "coding" language and conventions. Challenge 2: To increase my understanding of Feminist theory and history. Response 2: I also had never taken a Women's Studies course before, and finding myself in a graduate level course that examined technology through feminist critical theory, I knew I would have a steep learning curve. Many of the concepts developed in this project were informed by what I learned from several historical texts which I assigned to myself as "extra-curricular" reading material. Challenge 3: As this was an "open" (creatively/intellectually) assignment, I wanted to take advantage of the opportunity to explore and express my text-based learning in a non-textual medium. Response 3: I composed a a piece of music in which I tried to embody many of the key messages of the text upon which I based my project: “Love as a Hermeneutics of Social Change, a Decolonizing Movida” (by Chela Sandoval). The resulting rudimentary, interactive game and theme, with an accompanying written description of my experience is what you will find here.
    Subjects: Digital Storytelling, Interactive Games, Chela Sandoval, Third World Feminism
    Date Created: 2016/03/25