ERA

Occupational Therapy

Items in this Collection
  1. Factors Affecting Garden-use in Continuing Care Facilities for Residents with Dementia: A Scoping Literature Review

    Title: Factors Affecting Garden-use in Continuing Care Facilities for Residents with Dementia: A Scoping Literature Review
    Creator: Harris, Shannon
    Subjects: occupational therapy, garden, outdoor space, Dementia, Alzheimer, Continuing care, Long-term care
    Date Created: 2015/05/15
  2. Helping Seniors Age in Place:

    Title: Helping Seniors Age in Place:
    Creator: Cicione, Tania
    Description: Abstract Background. Canada’s aging population will cause a dramatic increase in the number of ‘young’ and ‘old’ seniors. Purpose. This scoping review is one of two parts. This review examines the efforts made by senior centres to address the impact of health promotion programs on health and well-being, while the second paper focuses on the social impact of senior centers. Methods. The five stage format proposed by Arksey and O’Malley was followed. Online databases were searched using the key terms. Twenty-two articles were reviewed. Findings. There are four main types of health promotion programs: physical health, education, peer-led, and multiple component programming. Most study participants were women. Health programs were most commonly attended by younger seniors. Although attendees received psychosocial benefits from participating physical programs, they were not usually evaluated. Implications. Senior centres will need to address the varying needs of future seniors. Recommendations are provided to serve as program development guidelines. Key words. Health promotion, senior centres, chronic disease, occupational therapy.
    Subjects: Chronic Disease, Occupational Therapy, Senior Centres, Health Promotion
    Date Created: 2012/05/25
  3. Methods to Investigate Clinical Reasoning in Occupational Therapy: A Scoping Study

    Title: Methods to Investigate Clinical Reasoning in Occupational Therapy: A Scoping Study
    Creator: Plummer, Nita
    Subjects: occupational therapy, clinical reasoning
    Date Created: 2015/05/15
  4. The Effectiveness of Recess Based Interventions Targeting Social Skills in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Title: The Effectiveness of Recess Based Interventions Targeting Social Skills in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
    Creator: Skjel, Miranda
    Subjects: occupational therapy, Autism Spectrum Disorder, children, social skills
    Date Created: 2015/05/13
  5. What is the Effectiveness of Splinting as an Intervention for Individuals with Rheumatoid Arthritis Causing a Swan Neck Deformity of the Hand?

    Title: What is the Effectiveness of Splinting as an Intervention for Individuals with Rheumatoid Arthritis Causing a Swan Neck Deformity of the Hand?
    Creator: Spackman, Rachelle
    Description: Abstract Many people who have rheumatoid arthritis (RA) will get a deformity of their fingers called a swan neck deformity (SND). Splinting is an intervention that is used to correct SND. The focus of this study was to conduct a critical literature review examining the effectiveness of splinting for individuals with RA who have a SND. A comprehensive critical literature review was done using online databases. Studies that met the inclusion criteria outlined by the research question were evaluated using the McMaster Critical Review Protocols. The FAME and Jadad scales were also used where appropriate. Six studies, one qualitative, three quantitative, and two literature reviews met the inclusion criteria for this review, and were evaluated. Splinting has been found to improve dexterity in RA clients with a SND as well as reduce pain in some cases. Participants did not show any preference as to which type of splint was preferred. This critical literature review has shown that there is evidence to support the effectiveness of splinting SND in people with RA. These results are meaningful to occupational therapists to continue using splinting as an intervention for RA clients having hand deformities.
    Subjects: Swan Neck Deformity, Splinting, Rheumatoid Arthritis
    Date Created: 2012/05/25
  6. Social Deficits in Elementary School Aged Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: The Efficacy of Social Skills Training

    Title: Social Deficits in Elementary School Aged Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: The Efficacy of Social Skills Training
    Creator: Roth, Kayla
    Description: Abstract Background. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a condition that impacts individuals globally and across the lifespan. The symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention have been found to contribute to a social skills deficit in children with ADHD. This lack of social skills can negatively impact the individual through negative peer relationships and reduced opportunities for engagement in meaningful activities. Social Skills Training (SST) has been used with children with ADHD to reduce their social deficits. Purpose. The aim of this critical literature review is to investigate the efficacy of SST to reduce the social deficits of children with ADHD. Methods. Electronic databases searches and hand searches of reference lists were used to select the studies reviewed. Quantitative McMaster critical review forms were used to critique and determine the methodological quality of the studies. Findings. Six articles that examined the efficacy of SST for children with ADHD were identified. The quality of evidence collected ranged from weak to moderate. The effectiveness of SST to improve social deficits in children with ADHD remains unclear. Implications. SST is a relevant approach that can be used by occupational therapists working with children with ADHD. The aim of SST is relevant to the theory within the profession of occupational therapy. The holistic approach of occupational therapy and concern with participation can assist in planning and implementing social interventions. It is recommended that natural peers and environments be included in the intervention approach when working with this population.
    Subjects: Social Skills Training, ADHD, Children Ages 6-12 years old, Efficacy, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
    Date Created: 2012/05/25
  7. Examining the Relationship between Exercise and the Subjective Quality of Life for Persons with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury Between the Ages of 16-65: A Critical Literature Review

    Title: Examining the Relationship between Exercise and the Subjective Quality of Life for Persons with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury Between the Ages of 16-65: A Critical Literature Review
    Creator: Perrott, Amanda
    Description: Abstract Background. There are approximately 85,000 persons living with SCI in Canada and each year there are about 3,600 new cases reported. As individuals with SCI are living longer, the focus of rehabilitation has shifted from extending life expectancy to independent living and quality of life (QOL). Exercise has been accepted as an intervention modality to increase the physiological components of a person with SCI, however little is known about the effects of exercise on the psychological constructs, such as QOL. It has been suggested that a positive correlation exists between exercise and QOL in persons with SCI between the ages of 16-65. Purpose. To determine the quality of evidence for studies examining the relationship between exercise and QOL in persons with SCI through an occupational therapy perspective. Methods. A Critical Literature Review was conducted via a specific search strategy. The quality of evidence of the included articles was based on McMaster Critical Review Forms and the Jadad Scale for RCT designs. Findings. Seven studies met the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. Six of the studies used quantitative study designs while one study used a mixed-method design, utilizing both qualitative and quantitative research. All seven articles were considered to have moderate methodological strength indicating that the evidence to support the research question was not of high quality. Clinical importance was reported in all seven studies, which may lay the foundation for future research in this area. Implications. The Canadian Model of Occupational Performance and Engagement was used to explore the literature. There are elements of the exercise-QOL relationship that compliment occupational therapy practice, however future research by this discipline is needed in order to adopt exercise as a relevant OT intervention.
    Subjects: exercise, physical activity, Critical Literature Review, quality of life, Spinal Cord Injury
    Date Created: 2012/05/25
  8. Telerehabilitation Delivery of Constraint Induced Movement Therapy to Increase Upper Extremity Function: A Systematic Review

    Title: Telerehabilitation Delivery of Constraint Induced Movement Therapy to Increase Upper Extremity Function: A Systematic Review
    Creator: Chenard, Real
    Description: Background. Cerebrovascular Accidents are a common cause of long-lasting disability. With the increased prevalence of obesity coupled with an aging Canadian population, determining an effective way to rehabilitate clients with stroke is of great importance. Constraint Induced Movement Therapy has been shown to be an effective way to restore function in the affected limbs of these clients. However, pragmatic concerns related to the cost and efficiency of delivery necessitates a change in delivery methods. Purpose. To review the evidence surrounding the delivery of constraint-induced movement therapy via telerehabilitation and its effectiveness in increasing upper extremity function. Methods. A systematic review of the literature using the McMaster protocols was used to locate the papers, extract the data, and review the relevant outcomes. Results. Three papers were found to meet the criteria of the review. One paper each was classified as ‘strong’, ‘moderate’ and ‘weak’. Due to the sparsity of the literature and the classifications of the evidence, it is difficult to draw any strong conclusions regarding this intervention’s efficacy. Conclusions Although many of the initial findings are promising, more research is needed in order to properly compare the benefits of tele-CIMT to standard, clinic-based protocols.
    Subjects: Constrain Induce Movement Therapy, telerehabilitation, upper extremity function, Stroke
    Date Created: 2012/50/25
  9. Behavioural Supports Alberta (BSA) Symposium Report 2014: Building Capacity and Sustainability for Behavioural Supports Alberta (BSA): The train's leaving the station - let's keep it on the tracks!

    Title: Behavioural Supports Alberta (BSA) Symposium Report 2014: Building Capacity and Sustainability for Behavioural Supports Alberta (BSA): The train's leaving the station - let's keep it on the tracks!
    Creator: Bremault-Phillips, Suzette
    Description: Symposium Report
    Subjects: Responsive Behaviours, Behavioural Supports Alberta, BPSD, BSA
    Date Created: 2014/03/28
  10. What information does the diagnostic brain score provide therapists regarding functional needs of clients with prenatal alcohol exposure?

    Title: What information does the diagnostic brain score provide therapists regarding functional needs of clients with prenatal alcohol exposure?
    Creator: Long, Kimberly
    Subjects: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, FASD, social adjustment, functional assessment, Occupational Therapy
    Date Created: 2015/05/15