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  1. Acoustic characteristics of obstruents in Huehuetla Tepehua [Download]

    Title: Acoustic characteristics of obstruents in Huehuetla Tepehua
    Creator: Rebekka Puderbaugh
    Description: The Totonacan languages of Mexico are known to make extensive use of glottal stop and laryngealization, but little is known about the phonetic realizations of these contrasts. As part of a larger project investigating laryngealization in Totonacan, this paper presents a description of some acoustic properties of pulmonic and glottalic (or laryngealized) stops and affricates in Huehuetla Tepehua (HT), a Totonacan language spoken in Hidalgo, Mexico. The sound inventory of HT includes a laryngealization contrast in stops at three places of articulation: /p t k p’ t’ k’/, and in affricates at two places of articulation:/ts tʃ ts’ tʃ’/. Closure duration and voice onset time (VOT) were measured for both stops and affricates, as well as relative burst intensity and spectral moments of bursts. Duration, relative intensity, and spectral moments of frication were also measured in affricates. Results show that closure durations are slightly shorter in laryngealized segments than in pulmonic segments across both stops and affricates in all places of articulation, although there is still substantial overlap between them. VOT and closure durations vary across places of articulation in the crosslinguistically expected way, with labial segments /p p’/ having shortest VOT and longest closure, velar segments /k k’/ having longest VOT and shortest closure, and alveolar segments /t t’/ falling in between. However, there is a great deal of overlap between durations for all stops across place, manner, and airstream/laryngealization. Affricates are longer than any other segments analyzed here, with /ts ts’/ tending to have slightly longer frication than /tʃ, tʃ’/, but slightly shorter closures. Contrary to many descriptions of glottalic (i.e. ejective) sounds, the bursts of HT laryngealized stops are far weaker than pulmonic stops, sometimes even nonexistent, making a comparison of bursts between pulmonic and laryngealized stops unlikely to be fruitful, if not impossible to complete.
    Subjects: acoustics, phonetics, Tepehua, obstruent, Totonac, glottalic
    Date Created: 2016
  2. Massive Auditory Lexical Decision: Going Big in the Auditory Domain [Download]

    Title: Massive Auditory Lexical Decision: Going Big in the Auditory Domain
    Creator: Benjamin V. Tucker
    Description: Massive Auditory Lexical Decision: Going Big in the Auditory Domain
    Subjects: Phonetics, Psycholinguistics
    Date Created: 2016/10/20
  3. English posture verbs: An experientially grounded approach [Download]

    Title: English posture verbs: An experientially grounded approach
    Creator: Newman, J.
    Subjects: Experiential reality, Locative predicates, Grammaticalization, Verbal aspect, Posture verbs, Corpus linguistics
    Date Created: 2009
  4. Contextual effects on the duration of ejective fricatives in Upper Necaxa Totonac [Download]

    Title: Contextual effects on the duration of ejective fricatives in Upper Necaxa Totonac
    Creator: Rebekka Puderbaugh
    Description: The present paper investigates the effects of word position, stress and vowel phonation on the duration of ejective fricatives in Upper Necaxa Totonac (UNT), a Totonacan language of northern Puebla, Mexico. Duration measurements were taken of frication and periods of silence occurring between frication and following vowels. Fricatives occurring in word initial position were found to be overall longer than those occurring intervocalically. Fricatives occurring at the onset of stressed syllables were generally longer than unstressed. Lateral ejective fricatives had longer frication durations in intervocalic position preceding a creaky vowel than when preceding a modal vowel. Closures that occurred between frication and vowel onset were found to be longer when the fricative occurred word initially and in stressed syllables.
    Subjects: phonetics, ejective, Totonac, fricative, acoustics
    Date Created: 2015/05/01
  5. What it means to be phonetic or phonological: The case of Romanian devoiced nasals [Download]

    Title: What it means to be phonetic or phonological: The case of Romanian devoiced nasals
    Creator: Tucker, Benjamin V.
    Description: Abstract phonological patterns and detailed phonetic patterns can combine to produce unusual acoustic results, but criteria for what aspects of a pattern are phonetic and what aspects are phonological are often disputed. Early literature on Romanian makes mention of nasal devoicing in word-final clusters (e.g. in /basm/ ‘ fairy-tale’). Using acoustic, aerodynamic and ultrasound data, the current work investigates how syllable structure, prosodic boundaries, phonetic paradigm uniformity and assimilation influence Romanian nasal devoicing. It provides instrumental phonetic documentation of devoiced nasals, a phenomenon that has not been widely studied experimentally, in a phonetically underdocumented language.We argue that sound patterns should not be separated into phonetics and phonology as two distinct systems, but neither should they all be grouped together as a single, undifferentiated system. Instead, we argue for viewing the distinction between phonetics and phonology as a largely continuous multidimensional space, within which sound patterns, including Romanian nasal devoicing, fall.
    Subjects: Romanian language, Prosodic boundary, Syllabification, Nasal consonants, Devoicing, Assimilation (phonology)
    Date Created: 2010
  6. Patterns of usage for English SIT, STAND, and LIE: A cognitively-inspired exploration in corpus linguistics [Download]

    Title: Patterns of usage for English SIT, STAND, and LIE: A cognitively-inspired exploration in corpus linguistics
    Creator: Newman, John
    Description: Posture verbs with the meanings ‘‘sit’’, ‘‘stand’’, and ‘‘lie’’ are of considerable interest within cognitive linguistics on account of the richness of the polysemy and grammaticalizations that they enter into across languages. We explore the usage of English SIT, STAND, and LIE in over a dozen electronic corpora, relying primarily on the British National Corpus, a 100- million word database of written and spoken language. The investigation reveals some interesting patterns of usage with these verbs which are reminiscent of the polysemy and grammaticalization facts associated with like items in other languages. Unlike some of their cross-linguistic correlates, the English cardinal posture verbs have not grammaticalized. Nevertheless, they are showing functional symptoms typically associated with the posture cohort in terms of frequency, collocational fixedness, tense/aspect-marking, and choice of participants, especially subject. Moreover, the actual constructional behavior of English SIT, STAND, and LIE gleaned from the corpora can be used to corroborate introspective and experimental evidence into their meaning and function in the language and suggest how these items may further develop in generations to come.
    Subjects: Auxiliation, Corpus linguistics, Collocation, Posture verbs, Grammaticalization, Word association
    Date Created: 2004
  7. The Wenzhou Spoken Corpus [Download]

    Title: The Wenzhou Spoken Corpus
    Creator: Newman, John
    Description: The creation of the Wenzhou Spoken Corpus, an online searchable corpus of a modern Chinese dialect, presents a number of challenges that are of interest to the corpus linguistic community. We review issues involved with collection of spoken data, its transcription and markup, as well as the functionality of the search tools. The transcription makes use of Chinese characters as well as IPA symbols for Wenzhou colloquial forms not conventionally represented by characters. XML was adopted as the standard for the basic format of files, with file searches expressed in XPath form. The search tools provide the usual options of restricting searches by age, gender, etc., and yield concordances and tables of collocates. Though the collection of data for the corpus was ‘opportunistic’ in some ways, and so not ideally balanced or representative, it is nevertheless proving to be a valuable tool for corpus-based research on Wenzhou.
    Subjects: Wu language, Dialectology, Corpora (linguistics)
    Date Created: 2007
  8. Bilingual children with specific language impairment: Theoretical and applied issues [Download]

    Title: Bilingual children with specific language impairment: Theoretical and applied issues
    Creator: Paradis, J.
    Description: Bilingualism is often considered an inappropriate developmental choice for children with specific language impairment (SLI) because, according to a widespread belief, these children’s limited capacity for language would be overtaxed by learning two linguistic systems. However, there has not been adequate empirical investigation of SLI in bilingual children to support, or refute, this belief and the professional practices that are based on it. On the theoretical side, two opposing perspectives concerning the nature of the deficit in SLI make different predictions for the outcome of children with SLI learning two languages, and one set of predictions is consistentwith the popular belief stated above. This article is aimed at addressing both the applied concerns and the theoretical debate with evidence from two studies examining the morphological acquisition of French–English bilingual children with SLI as compared to French and English monolinguals with SLI.
    Subjects: Bilingualism, Prediction, Comparative analysis, Language research, Language impairments, Beliefs, Child language, French, Second language learning, Language acquisition, Morphology, Monolingualism
    Date Created: 2007
  9. Crosslinguistic transfer in the acquisition of compound words in Persian-English bilinguals [Download]

    Title: Crosslinguistic transfer in the acquisition of compound words in Persian-English bilinguals
    Creator: Foroodi-Nejad, F.
    Description: Crosslinguistic transfer in bilingual language acquisition has been widely reported in various linguistic domains (e.g., D¨opke, 1998; Nicoladis, 1999; Paradis, 2001). In this study we examined structural overlap (D¨opke, 2000; M¨uller and Hulk, 2001) and dominance (Yip and Matthews, 2000) as explanatory factors for crosslinguistic transfer in Persian–English bilingual children’s production of novel compound words. Nineteen Persian monolinguals, sixteen Persian–English bilinguals, and seventeen English monolinguals participated in a novel compound production task. Our results showed crosslinguistic influence of Persian on English and of English on Persian. Bilingual children produced more right-headed compounds in Persian, compared with Persian monolinguals, and in their English task, they produced more left-headed compounds than English monolinguals. Furthermore, Persian-dominant bilinguals tended more towards left-headed compounds in Persian than the English-dominant group. These findings point to both structural overlap and language dominance as factors underlying crosslinguistic transfer.
    Subjects: English, Bilingualism, Transfer of training, Language acquisition, Language dominance, Indo-European languages
    Date Created: 2009
  10. Repair in membership categorization in French [Download]

    Title: Repair in membership categorization in French
    Creator: Maheux-Pelletier, G
    Description: Using conversation analysis as methodology, this article provides a link between the local organization of talk and larger societal issues by investigating specific conversational sequences in which French speakers from different speech communities interact. It is argued that in addition to dealing with problems of speaking, hearing, and understanding, repair can simultaneously be used to negotiate linguistic membership. Repair can be used to establish, confirm, or insist on speakers’ belonging to one particular speech community over another. Moreover, participants can use repair to express affiliation and disaffiliation with each other. The implications of this research are discussed, linking the organization of conversation with issues of language and identity, specifically with the social meaning of dialect variety in the Francophone world. Thus, this article demonstrates how phenomena commonly discussed on the macro level are realized and negotiated on the micro level.
    Subjects: Varieties of French, Cross-linguistic analysis, Identity, Conversation analysis, Membership categorization
    Date Created: 2008