ERA

Journal Articles (English and Film Studies)

Number of results to display per page
Items in this Collection
  1. Virgin Idols and Verbal Devices: Pope’s Belinda and the Virgin Mary [Download]

    Title: Virgin Idols and Verbal Devices: Pope’s Belinda and the Virgin Mary
    Creator: Harol, Corrinne
    Description: Everyone knows that when the heroine of Alexander Pope's mock-epic The Rape of the Lock exclaims, \"Oh hadst thou, Cruel! Been content to seize/ Hairs less in sight, or any Hairs but these,\" she is talking about her virginity (IV. 175-176). Most critics take Belinda's distress over losing a lock of hair to be an indication of her problematic privileging of reputation over virtue, or sign over referent. The superficial Belinda values the hair on her head - a visible sign of her virginity - more than her pubic hair, which is presumably more connected to real virtue because of its physical proximity to her hymen. Belinda's obsessions with visual signs and with her virginity fit the Protestant stereotype of the idolatrous and sexually deviant Catholic, a figure whose appearance in anti-Catholic propaganda provides an important context for Pope's poem. By analyzing The Rape of the Lock through the lens of anti-Catholic critiques of virginity, idolatry, and the Virgin Mary, this essay makes it possible to read Belinda's outcry not as evidence of her problematic devaluation of virginity and over-investment in visible signs, but rather as indicative of the poem's own skeptical attitudes about the sanctity of virginity and about the possibility of knowledge beyond the material world.
    Subjects: Treatment of Virgin, Feminist Approach
    Date Created: 2004
  2. Digital Historicism: Archival Footage, Digital Interface, and Historiographic Effects in Call of Duty: World at War [Download]

    Title: Digital Historicism: Archival Footage, Digital Interface, and Historiographic Effects in Call of Duty: World at War
    Creator: Baron, J.
    Description: Historical videogames offer the promise of a new relationship between the reader of history and the account of an historical event, potentially transforming the “reader” of history into the active “user” or even “maker” of history. Indeed, the concept of historical videogames suggests that the user may play an active part in the construction of historical narratives and, thereby, in the implications of these historical events for the present. In this paper, I examine the appropriation of indexical archival documents into two instances of what I call “digital historicism” – the videogame Call of Duty: World at War (Activision, 2008) and the database narrative Tracing the Decay of Fiction: Encounters with a Film by Pat O’Neill (Pat O’Neill, Rosemary Comella, and Kristy H.A. Kang, 2002) – and their respective historiographic effects. I argue that the appropriations of indexical archival footage in each of these two digital media works produce in the user a phenomenological experience of the documentary “real,” but at the same time shape and limit the meanings that may be attributed to this footage. Indeed, I suggest that Call of Duty, while at the cutting edge of game design, imports and reinforces a conservative and even reactionary historiographic model into the emergent genre of digital history. Moreover, I argue that although Tracing the Decay of Fiction offers a less teleological and more open-ended encounter with the historical past, it is precisely its lack of a singular narrative that may ultimately (and paradoxically) undermine the user’s sense of historiographic agency as she is confronted with the unruly indexical traces of the past.
    Subjects: Archival footage, Videogames, Call of Duty: World at War, Historiography
    Date Created: 2010
  3. The Experimental Film Remake and The Digital Archive Effect: A Movie by Jen Proctor and Man with a Movie Camera: The Global Remake [Download]

    Title: The Experimental Film Remake and The Digital Archive Effect: A Movie by Jen Proctor and Man with a Movie Camera: The Global Remake
    Creator: Baron, J.
    Subjects: Bard, Perry, Experimental films, Movie by Jen Proctor, A (Film), Proctor, Jennifer, Motion pictures, Man With a Movie Camera: The Global Remake (Film), Film remakes
    Date Created: 2012
  4. The Image as Quotation: Identity, Transformation, and the Case for Fair Use [Download]

    Title: The Image as Quotation: Identity, Transformation, and the Case for Fair Use
    Creator: Baron, J.
    Subjects: Academic research, Images, Fair use
    Date Created: 2012