ERA

Circumpolar Collection

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  1. The United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) & Food Security in Nunavut [Download]

    Title: The United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) & Food Security in Nunavut
    Creator: Anna Wilson MEd
    Description: The United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and Food Security The Minister of Indigenous Affairs is concerned that Canada’s adoption the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) is “without qualification, as Canada’s obligations to fulfil UNDRIP include free, prior and informed consent” (Fontaine, 2016, para. 2). Many Indigenous communities cannot hunt and harvest for their traditional sources of food owing to the destruction of their eco-systems from corporate resource extraction that is sanctioned by the government. Indigenous Peoples’ food insecurity is exacerbated by the extremely high food prices in isolated grocery stores. In Marie Battiste’s Nourishing the Learning Spirit (NLS) she discusses the community spirit of Indigenous peoples is nourished through reclaiming their right to control their sources of food traditionally as promised in the UNDRIP. Indigenous research engages Indigenous persons as investigators to extend their knowledge across diverse Indigenous communities. In Marie Battiste's Nourishing the Learning Spirit text, she chronicles how the Mi'kmaq parents collectively developed Indigenous language classes in their children’s schools. Similarly, some Indigenous peoples regained their food security through First Nations Growers (FNG) which empowers Indigenous communities to harvest their own nutritious food. FNG provides First Nation and Inuit communities with affordable year-round gardens to grow produce, herbs and traditional medicines. Each community garden farm is owned by the Indigenous community and operated providing fresh foods and jobs even in the most remote communities. Empowers First Nations & Inuit communities into becoming world leaders in the holistic approach to year round, indoor, organic gardening across Canada and globally to address world hunger. FNG provides First Nation and Inuit communities with on-line workshops, and hands on growing of vegetables and fruit based on research. Unfortunately, barriers to accessing traditional foods & contributing to higher food prices persist and include: Northern First Nations rely on 1 non locally owned food store carrying fresh, perishable items. This store is part of a chain that has a monopoly in the region. Higher transportation and fuel costs. Higher heating, cooling, lighting, and building maintenance expenses. Complex food distribution with longer, less frequently traveled routes. Maximum capacity for weight and mass on airplanes limits volume purchases. Greater risk of damage to perishables during the long transport. Unreliable availability of foods due to weather and unforeseen circumstances (FSC, 2016, p. 11). Therefore the Criticism of First Nations Growers & Nutrition North includes Hydroponically grown produce in Nunavut requires massive irrigation of safe drinking water which is unavailable. Providing safe tap water from a Public-Private-Nonprofit is economically unfeasible. Traditional Indigenous farming in Nunavut requires the Traditional Knowledge of Indigenous Elders. Nunavut land preservation by Self-Government to restore fish and marine wildlife is a better solution for long term sustainability and food security. Nutrition North subsidies need to be paid directly to the residents of Nunavut instead of Grocers out to make a profit.More local food banks and community kitchens can also empower Nunavut residents to feed themselves locally. Nunavut residents spend up to $600 a week for food frozen chicken strips cost $32, bacon $19, four-pound frozen pork roast over $30 and $200 for a turkey! Government policy-makers & retailers must find better ways lower the cost of food (Nutrition North Canada [NNC] is not doing enough). This research reveals realistic healthy options from the grassroots people.
    Subjects: Education Policy Studies
    Date Created: 2017/08/29
  2. Exploring Diversified Strategies for Co-operative Management of Forests by a First Nation and the Province of Alberta [Download]

    Title: Exploring Diversified Strategies for Co-operative Management of Forests by a First Nation and the Province of Alberta
    Creator: Naotaka Hayashi
    Description: While the boreal forests in northern Alberta have rich natural resources, which assure economic development for regional and provincial finances, for Aboriginal people living there, the forests have played a pivotal role in continuing their traditional subsistence based on hunting and gathering. In Canada, about eighty percent of Aboriginal people live in the forested area; and therefore, forests are indispensable for sustaining Aboriginal cultures and societies. Among First Nations in northern Alberta, the Little Red River Cree Nation (LRRCN) was the first to begin the management of their boreal forests in the form of co-operation with governments and the forestry sector. With this, the Nation has gained a timber harvest permit and runs a forestry operation along with private forest companies within their traditional territories. Aboriginal participation into the global capitalist economy will be a means to create job opportunities within the community, to regain control over their traditional relationship with the land, to contribute to conserve the ecological integrity of the forests, and ultimately to sustain the community as such. However, researches to this date reveal problems that industrial forestry can be incongruent with Aboriginal uses of the forest and sustainability of the forests. High Conservation Value Forest (HCVF), including carbon credits and certification, will serve to reduce the contractual burden (e.g. volumes of timber harvest) and to diversify strategies of forest management.
    Subjects: sustainable forest management, co-management, high conservation value forest (HCVF), carbon credit, TRIAD, Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), traditional land use (TLU), Cree, Treaty rights
    Date Created: 2004/12/05
  3. The Need for Integrated Resource Management to Achieve a Sustainable Forest Management Regime: A Case of the Forest Management in Alberta, Canada [持続可能な森林経営に向けた統括的資源管理の必要性 —カナダ, アルバータ州の森林管理の実情から—] [Download]

    Title: The Need for Integrated Resource Management to Achieve a Sustainable Forest Management Regime: A Case of the Forest Management in Alberta, Canada [持続可能な森林経営に向けた統括的資源管理の必要性 —カナダ, アルバータ州の森林管理の実情から—]
    Creator: Hayashi, Naotaka
    Description: The forest management regime of Alberta, Canada, was reviewed in light of the three pillars of sustainable forest management: economic, social, and environmental values of forests. It was found that as long as the provincial policy is inclined to the pursuit of economic benefits derived from the short-term resource development in the boreal forests, it would be difficult to either maintain or enhance the social and environmental values of the forests at the same time. The boreal forests provide resources for timber production, oil and gas development, and a quality of life for forest-dependent community members including Aboriginal peoples. This leads to the need for integrated resource management (IRM) through public participation, which takes into consideration all stakeholders’ benefits in the region and ecosystem protection. In addition, a comparison was made between zoning and the management regime based on the principles of Forest Stewardship Council (FSC), both of which are applications of IRM. As a result, differences were found in terms of achieving a balance between the three forest values. It was also found that planning IRM needs transparent and participatory decision-making processes, which enables all stakeholders not only to claim their benefits, but also to discuss how to achieve a balance between three forest values.
    Subjects: Public participation, Zoning, 生態系を重視した森林管理, Forest Stewardship Council, 石油・天然ガス産業, 市民参加, Oil and gas industry, Ecosystem management, ゾーニング, 森林管理協議会, Sustainable forest management
    Date Created: 2008/11/05
  4. Organizing Polar Science: Canada’s Emerging Antarctic Interests [Download]

    Title: Organizing Polar Science: Canada’s Emerging Antarctic Interests
    Creator: Dey Nuttall, Anita
    Description: The study takes, as a point of departure, the analysis of how governments have responded in organizational terms, through their national agencies concerned with science policy and logistics, to the shifting physical, environmental, socio-economic and geopolitical challenges facing the polar regions.
    Subjects: Antarctic Treaty, Antarctic research, Polar science, Science policy
    Date Created: 2009/11/28
  5. Proactive action for future generations: the case of a tree-planting project in South Greenland[次世代に可能性をつなげる行動 ─ 南グリーンランドの植林事業─] [Download]

    Title: Proactive action for future generations: the case of a tree-planting project in South Greenland[次世代に可能性をつなげる行動 ─ 南グリーンランドの植林事業─]
    Creator: Hayashi, Naotaka
    Description: A short essay about plantations in South Greenland 南グリーンランドの植林事業について
    Subjects: Qanasiassat, Arboretum, Sustainability, Transplanting, Narsarsuaq, Climate change, 気候変動, 樹木園, Kuussuaq, Plantation
    Date Created: 2011/06/21
  6. Gold Range Hotel, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories -- photograph [Download]

    Title: Gold Range Hotel, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories -- photograph
    Creator: Seale, Linda N.
    Description: The Gold Range Hotel in Yellowknife, NT, is a landmark building in the city and dates from the 1950s, replacing an earlier hotel and bar frequented by gold miners. Photograph taken March 2012.
    Subjects: Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Hotels, Gold Range Hotel, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories
    Date Created: 2012/03/10
  7. Mainstream Media Publications and Northern Issues: 2008 Polar Libraries Colloquy Presentation [Download]

    Title: Mainstream Media Publications and Northern Issues: 2008 Polar Libraries Colloquy Presentation
    Creator: Johnston, Lindsay
    Subjects: Media, Polar bears
    Date Created: 2008/06/11
  8. Finding Canadian polar Indigenous studies in Medline [Download]

    Title: Finding Canadian polar Indigenous studies in Medline
    Creator: Campbell, Sandy
    Description: The polar library community has made much progress over the past thirty years in the development of bibliographic search tools that allow fast and easy access to publications about the Arctic and Antarctic. Many of us rely heavily on tools such as Arctic and Antarctic Regions to satisfy our need for information organized with a geographic focus. For Circumpolar health researchers, there is now the growing Circumpolar Health Bibliographic Database, a subset of the Arctic Science and Technology Information System (ASTIS), which is improving access to polar health materials. However, when conducting systematic review searches, searchers are required to be as comprehensive as possible, which means that all relevant subject databases must be searched, even if overlap is substantial. As a result, Medline must be searched as part of any systematic review search related to Indigenous health issues in Canada’s Arctic regions. While the MESH Subject Headings and Geographic Headings do supply some controlled vocabulary access, keywords must also be searched to make the search comprehensive. This goal of this project is to create a Medline search filter which will assure comprehensive retrieval of Canadian Indigenous materials
    Subjects: Indexing - Indigenous Peoples- Canada, Indexing - Ovid Medline, Search filters - Indigenous Peoples - Canada, Articles, Information storage and retrieval, Subject Headings - Indigenous Peoples - Canada, Indexing - Aboriginal Peoples - Canada
    Date Created: 2012/06/11
  9. University of the Arctic Digital Library: Update 2012 [Download]

    Title: University of the Arctic Digital Library: Update 2012
    Creator: Campbell, Sandy
    Description: The University of the Arctic Digital Library project is an ongoing project in which PLC takes an interest. Some Digital Library functions are now operational at a level, integrated into the Arctic Virtual Learning Tools environment. This session will report on the 2011 meeting in Tornio/Kemi and Rovaniemi, Finland and review the developments to date and the future expectations for the library. A proposal has been developed for the June 2012 Council Meeting to establish a lead institution that would be responsible for the Digital Library. Developments in the University of the Arctic, itself, will also be discussed.
    Subjects: University of the Arctic, Articles, Digital Libraries
    Date Created: 2012/06/01
  10. Letter from abroad: Living in a small town of South Greenland [Download]

    Title: Letter from abroad: Living in a small town of South Greenland
    Creator: Hayashi, Naotaka
    Description: News of my fieldwork in Greenland during 2008-09
    Subjects: Climate change, Potato, Sustainable development, Kalaallisut, Sheep farming, Living cost
    Date Created: 2009/03/13